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Patentsuche

  1. Erweiterte Patentsuche
VeröffentlichungsnummerCN105402443 A
PublikationstypAnmeldung
AnmeldenummerCN 201510957418
Veröffentlichungsdatum16. März 2016
Eingetragen18. Dez. 2015
Prioritätsdatum18. Dez. 2015
Auch veröffentlicht unterCN105402443B
Veröffentlichungsnummer201510957418.6, CN 105402443 A, CN 105402443A, CN 201510957418, CN-A-105402443, CN105402443 A, CN105402443A, CN201510957418, CN201510957418.6
Erfinder黄培华, 郑玉涛, 黄建安, 李兴成
Antragsteller黄培华
Zitat exportierenBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Externe Links:  SIPO, Espacenet
Multi-way control air valve
CN 105402443 A
Zusammenfassung
The invention belongs to control air valves, and particularly provides a multi-way control air valve. The multi-way control air valve comprises a valve body, an air inlet connector arranged at the lower end of the valve body, air exhausting holes, reversing valve elements and pressure-reducing valve elements, wherein the reversing valve elements and the pressure-reducing valve elements are axially arranged at intervals in the valve body and are controlled by control handles to axially displace; first blocking sealing devices are correspondingly arranged below the reversing valve elements and the pressure-reducing valve elements; working ports in an inner chamber of the valve body include a lifting port, a lowering port, an opening port and a closing port; each working port communicates with each first sealing device through an air way; three reversing valve elements and one pressure-reducing valve element correspondingly fit the corresponding stations of the control handles; two sides of a pneumatic mechanism in a pneumatic switch which is fixed to the valve body communicate with the opening port and the closing port through pneumatic channels; two ends of an air-tight mechanism in the pneumatic switch communicate with each first sealing device through air way channels. The multi-way control air valve can solve the technical problems in the prior art, such as that the structure is loose and the mis-operation is easily caused; the multi-way control air valve has the advantages of being compact in structure, small in potential risk, and low in mis-operation rate.
Ansprüche(10)  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
1.多路控制气阀,包括阀体(10),开设于阀体(10)上的进气接头(18)及排气孔(19),轴向设置且间隔排列于阀体(10)内由控制手柄(3)控制轴向位移的换向阀芯(20)、减压阀芯(8),换向阀芯(20)、减压阀芯(8)下方分别设有第一堵塞密封装置(11),阀体(10)内腔上开设有工作接口;其特征在于工作接口包括举升接口(27)、下降接口(24)、开启接口(25)、关闭接口(26),各工作接口通过气路分别与各第一密封装置(11)连通,三个换向阀芯(20)及一个减压阀芯(8)分别与控制手柄(3)所对应的四个工位适配,在阀体(10)上固定有气控开关,气控开关上的气动机构两侧通过气控通道分别连通开启接口(25)及关闭接口(26),气控开关中进气接头(18)上方的气密机构两端分别通过气路通道与各第一密封装置(11)连通。 1. multiple control valve includes a valve body (10), opened in the valve inlet connector (10) (18) and the vent (19), and axially spaced valve body (10) within the control handle (3) to control the axial displacement of the valve core (20), valve core (8), valve core (20), valve core (8) are provided below the first jam sealing means (11), the valve body (10) to open the lumen of working interfaces; wherein the interface includes lifting work interface (27), a decrease of the interface (24), turn on the interface (25), shut down the interface (26), the working gas path through respective interfaces with respective first sealing means (11) communicates, three valve core (20) and a valve core (8), respectively, and the corresponding control lever (3) of the four stations adaptation, the valve body (10) is fixed on the gas control switch, pneumatic air control agencies on both sides of the switch through the pneumatic channels are open communication interfaces (25) and shut down the interface (26), gas control switch inlet connector both ends of the airtight means (18) are communicated through the air above the path of each channel and the first sealing means (11).
2.根据权利要求1所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于所述的换向阀芯(20)分别与控制手柄⑶的举升、厢门开启、厢门关闭三个工位相对应,减压阀芯⑶与控制手柄⑶的下降工位相对应 2. The multiplexer according to claim 1 of the control valve, wherein said valve core (20), respectively, of the lift control handle ⑶, open the car door, the car door is closed the corresponding three working phase, valve core and the control handle ⑶ ⑶ decline phase corresponds to work
3.根据权利要求1所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于所述的阀体(10)上表面设置操纵盖(7),操纵盖(7)通过其表面开设的呈十字型的定位通槽(1)且与控制手柄(3)下部适配,定位通槽⑴的四个端点分别对应举升、下降、厢门开启、厢门关闭四个工位。 3. The multiplexing control valve according to claim 1, wherein said valve element (10) disposed on the surface of the operating cap (7), the operating cap (7) through its open surface is cross-shaped positioning through slots (1) and the control handle (3) adapted to the lower part, through four positioning grooves ⑴ endpoints respectively correspond lift, down, open the car door, the car door closed four stations.
4.根据权利要求3所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于还包括一自锁机构,该自锁机构包括弹性套装于控制手柄(3)上的把套(4),开设于定位通槽(1)十字交叉部位的第一定位沉孔(5),对应下降工位的定位通槽(1)端点开设有第二定位沉孔¢),第一定位沉孔(5)、第二定位沉孔(6)与把套(4)下端适配。 According to claim 3, wherein the multiplexing control valves, which further comprising a self-locking mechanism, the lock mechanism includes a resilient package to handle the control sleeve (3) (4), opened in positioning through slot (1) cross parts of the first positioning sink hole (5), the corresponding decline station positioning through slots (1) to open a second endpoint locate sink hole ¢), Shen first positioning hole (5), second Shen positioning hole (6) to (4) sets the lower end of the adapter.
5.根据权利要求1-4中任一项所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于换向阀芯(20)及减压阀芯(8)通过连接于控制手柄(3)下方的凸轮(12)控制其轴向位移。 1-4 according to any one of the multiplexing control valve as claimed in claim wherein the valve core (20) and the valve core (8) connected to the control lever (3) below the cam (12) to control the axial displacement.
6.根据权利要求5所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于所述的凸轮(12)选用十字凸轮。 According to claim multiplexing control valve 5, characterized in that said cam (12) Cross selection cams.
7.根据权利要求5所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于所述的凸轮(12)整体呈球形,凸轮(12)底部为与各工位对应的换向阀芯(20)及减压阀芯(8)适配的弧面或球面结构。 Multiplexer according to claim 5, wherein the control valve, characterized in that said cam (12) integral spherical cam (12) and the bottom of each station corresponding to the valve core (20) and the reduction in pressure spool (8) arc or spherical structure adapted.
8.根据权利要求1所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于所述的阀体(10)呈断面为矩形或正方形的四棱柱结构,下降接口(24)、开启接口(25)、关闭接口(26)、举升接口(27)分别开口于四个工位之间的阀体(10)底面顶角处。 Multiplexing control valve according to claim 1, wherein said valve element (10) form a square or rectangular cross section of a quadrangular prism structure, decrease the interface (24), open interface (25), closed Interface (26), lifting the interface (27) are opened in the valve body between the four stations (10) of the bottom surface of the top corner.
9.根据权利要求1所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于所述的气控开关包括开关阀体(13),开关阀体(13)内腔为阶台空腔,设于开关阀体(13)顶部的封堵(9),其中气动机构包括封堵(9)下表面的阶台空腔中自上至下设有径向外表面分别与其内壁气密滑动配合的气活塞(14)及开关顶芯(15),开关顶芯(15)的上端与气活塞(14)内腔套装滑动配合,开关顶芯(15)内腔中空,其上端开口连通气活塞(14)与开关顶芯(15)之间的阶台空腔,其下端开口于开关顶芯(15)下端面,其中气密机构为开关顶芯(15)下方的阶台空腔中设有的第二密封装置(17),阶台空腔底部设有进气接头(18)。 9. The multiplexing control valve of claim 1, wherein said gas valve control switch includes a switch (13), the switching valve (13) for the inner cavity of the cavity-order units, provided in the switching valve (13) the top of the block (9), wherein the mechanism comprises a pneumatic occluder (9) order under the surface of the cavity units from top to bottom with a radially outer surface of the inner wall of an airtight sliding fit with their respective gas piston ( 14) and the top switch core (15), the top switch core (15) of the upper end of the gas piston (14) sliding fit lumen packages, the top switch core (15) of the hollow cavity, the upper end of the ventilation openings of the piston (14) and order table top switch core cavity (15) between its lower opening in the top of the switch core (15) the lower end, which is the switching mechanism airtight top core (15) order table is provided below the cavity of the second sealing means (17), the bottom of the order table has a cavity inlet connector (18).
10.根据权利要求9所述的多路控制气阀,其特征在于气路通道包括第一气路通道(16)、第二气路通道(21),其中第一气路通道(16) —端与开关顶芯(15)及第二密封装置(17)之间的阶台空腔连通,第一气路通道(16)另一端与举升、下降工位所对应的第一密封装置(11)内腔连通,第二气路通道(21) —端开口于第二密封装置(17)下部的阶台空腔中,第二气路通道(21)另一端与开启、关闭工位对应的第一密封装置(11)内腔连通;气控通道包括第一气控通道(22)、第二气控通道(23),其中第一气控通道(22) —端开口于气活塞(14)上方的阶台空腔中,第一气控通道(22)另一端与开启接口(25)连通,第二气控通道(23) —端开口于开关顶芯(15)与阶台空腔所形成的密封腔内,第二气控通道(23)另一端与关闭接口(26)连通。 10. The multiplexer of claim 9 wherein the control valve, wherein the passage includes a first gas manifold channels (16), the second air channels (21), wherein the first gas channels (16) - order sets the switch top end of the core cavity (15) and second sealing means (17) communicating between the first air channels (16) and the other end of the lift, the corresponding station drops a first sealing means ( 11) internal chamber, a second air channels (21) - at the opening end of the second stage units cavity sealing means (17) in the lower part of the second air passage channel (21) and the other end open, off-position corresponds to a first sealing means (11) a lumen in communication; pneumatic air control channel includes a first channel (22), a second air control channel (23), wherein the first air control passage (22) - end of the opening in the gas piston ( 14) order the cavity above the table, the first air control passage (22) and the other end open interfaces (25) communicates second pneumatic channel (23) - the top end opening of the switch core (15) and the order desk empty sealed cavity formed by the cavity, a second pneumatic channel (23) and the other end closed the interface (26) connected.
Beschreibung  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
多路控制气阀 Multiple control valve

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明属于控制气阀,特别是指一种多路控制气阀。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the control valve, in particular, it refers to a multiple control valve.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有自卸车在出厂后,为实现车厢举升、下降以及车厢门的启闭过程中的控制,通常需要改装厂加装相应的控制装置,上述功能的实现目前一般采用两组独立的气控换向阀,为配套两组气控换向阀的使用,需要对应配套有两套独立的控制气阀,控制气阀须安装于自卸车驾驶室主驾驶位置的两侧。 [0002] After the existing dump truck factory for the realization of the process of opening and closing the car lift, drop and car door of a control, tuning usually requires the installation of corresponding control means, to achieve the above functions of the current general use of two independent the gas control valve, gas control valve for the two groups supporting the use of the corresponding need to have two sets of supporting independent control valve, control valve shall be installed on both sides of the main dump truck cab driving position. 上述现有技术存在的问题一是驾驶室内空间有限,而为了便于操作人员操作,控制气阀的安装空间则更为局促,同时造成驾驶员进出驾驶室不便;二是由于两个控制气阀均采用手柄控制的方式,在较为局促的空间内极易因驾驶员操作失误(包括驾驶员误碰撞、功能判断失误、衣物或其他物品刮碰等因素)造成控制气阀的损坏,更为严重的是在车辆维修、负载行驶或工作过程中如因误操作导致车厢下降或厢门关闭状态下车厢举升时,极易造成对维修人员构成危险或车辆侧翻的事故。 Above prior art problems First, the driver is limited indoor space, and in order to facilitate the operator operates the control valve installation space is more cramped, also causing inconvenience to the driver out of the cab; the second is due to the two control valves are the handle in a controlled manner, in a more confined space vulnerable to pilot error (including the driver mistakenly collision function misjudgment, clothing or other objects scratching and other factors) damage control valves, more serious in vehicle maintenance, driving or load during operation as a result of misuse leading to decline in car or car door closed state when the lift car, can easily cause danger for maintenance staff or vehicle rollover accident.

[0003]目前在液压先导控制阀中有采用多路控制的专利文献报道,但由于液压先导控制阀与控制气阀在应用领域、操纵力、密封结构、传输介质、制作材料、产品体积等多方面均存在较大差异,上述结构因此并不适用于自卸车控制气阀。 [0003] There are currently reported in the literature using patented multi-channel control in a hydraulic pilot control valve, but because of the hydraulic pilot control valves and control valves in multiple applications, operating force, sealing structure, the transmission medium, production of materials, products, volume, etc. respects there is a big difference, and therefore does not apply to the above construction dump truck control valves.

[0004] 发明目的 [0004] The object of the invention

[0005] 本发明提供一种结构紧凑、便于控制的多路控制气阀。 [0005] The present invention provides a compact, easy to control multiple control valve.

[0006] 本发明的整体结构是: [0006] The overall structure of the present invention are:

[0007] 多路控制气阀,包括阀体,开设于阀体下端的进气接头及排气孔,轴向设置且间隔排列于阀体内由控制手柄控制轴向位移的换向阀芯、减压阀芯,换向阀芯、减压阀芯下方分别设有第一堵塞密封装置,阀体内腔上开设有工作接口;工作接口包括举升接口、下降接口、开启接口、关闭接口,各工作接口通过气路分别与各第一密封装置连通,三个换向阀芯及一个减压阀芯分别与控制手柄所对应的四个工位适配,在阀体上固定有气控开关,气控开关上的气动机构两侧通过气控通道分别连通开启接口及关闭接口,气控开关中进气接头上方的气密机构两端分别通过气路通道与各第一密封装置连通。 [0007] The multiplexing control valve includes a valve opening at the lower end of the valve body of the inlet connector and vent, and axially spaced from the control lever on the valve body to control axial displacement valve core, Save pressure valve, valve core, below the valve core, respectively, with the first clogging sealing means creation of a working interface body cavity; work interfaces include an interface lift, down interfaces, open interfaces, interface is shut down, all work Interface, respectively, each of the first sealing means communicating through gas line, three valve core and a valve core, respectively, and the corresponding control handle adapted four stations in the fixed gas valve control switch, gas both sides of the pneumatic mechanism controlled by a switch on the gas control channels are open interfaces and communication interfaces closed ends airtight gas control switch mechanism into the air above the joints are communicated through the air channels with the first seal.

[0008] 本发明的具体结构是: [0008] The specific structure of the present invention are:

[0009] 本发明中换向阀芯、减压阀芯与各工位的对应关系优选的结构设计是,所述的换向阀芯分别与控制手柄的举升、厢门开启、厢门关闭三个工位相对应,减压阀芯与控制手柄的下降工位相对应 [0009] The present invention valve core, the correspondence between the preferred structural design of valve core and each station is the core of the valve lift control handle, respectively, to open the car door, the car door closed three phase work corresponds with the control valve core handle work phase corresponds to the decline

[0010] 为便于实现控制手柄的操作,便于简化各工位的布置,同时满足对阀体内构件的防护,优选的结构设计是,所述的阀体上表面设置操纵盖,操纵盖通过其表面开设的呈十字型的定位通槽且与控制手柄下部适配,定位通槽的四个端点分别对应举升、下降、厢门开启、厢门关闭四个工位。 [0010] To help make the operation of the control handle, easy to simplify the arrangement of the station, at the same time meet the protective valve body member, preferably the structural design, the upper surface of the valve body to manipulate the cover, by manipulating the lid surface the cross was positioned through slots opened and the control handle and the lower part of adaptation, through slits of the positioning four endpoints correspond lift, down, open the car door, the car door closed four stations.

[0011] 为便于实现控制手柄在操作过程中的定位,避免误操作或因工况不稳定导致的工位误切换,优选的结构设计是,还包括一自锁机构,该自锁机构包括弹性套装于控制手柄上的把套,开设于定位通槽十字交叉部位的第一定位沉孔,对应下降工位的定位通槽端点开设有第二定位沉孔,第一定位沉孔、第二定位沉孔与把套下端适配。 [0011] To facilitate the realization of the control handle positioned during the operation, to avoid misuse or because of unstable conditions caused by erroneous switching station, the preferred structural design, further comprising a self-locking mechanism, the lock mechanism includes a resilient set in the control sleeve on the handle, opened in the positioning groove cross through part of the first positioning sink hole, the corresponding decline station positioning through slots open end and a second positioning sink hole, the first positioning sink hole, the second positioning sink hole and the lower end of the adapter sleeve.

[0012] 为便于实现控制手柄对换向阀芯及减压阀芯的控制,同时简化结构设计,优选的技术实现方式是,换向阀芯及减压阀芯通过连接于控制手柄下方的凸轮控制其轴向位移。 [0012] In order to facilitate the control handle to achieve control of the valve core and the valve core while simplifying design, technology implementation is preferred, valve core and valve core connected to the control cam below the handle control its axial displacement.

[0013] 因工位为四个,为对应控制手柄的十字形工位操作,优选的结构设计是,所述的凸轮选用十字凸轮。 [0013] due to station four, the corresponding control handle cross-station operation, the preferred structural design is the selection of cross cam cam.

[0014] 为较好地实现凸轮与各工位所对应的换向阀芯、减压阀芯的驱动,同时便于控制手柄控制以及与操纵盖内表面适配,优选的结构设计是,所述的凸轮整体呈球形,凸轮底部为与各工位对应的换向阀芯及减压阀芯适配的弧面或球面结构。 [0014] The cam is preferably implemented with the station corresponding to the valve core, the valve core driver, while facilitating manipulation of the control handle and control and the inner surface of the cover adapted preferable structures for the design, the the overall spherical cam, cam bottom of each station corresponding arc or spherical structure valve core and the valve core adapted.

[0015] 为便于各工作接口及管路的布局更加紧凑,优选的结构设计是,所述的阀体呈断面为矩形或正方形的四棱柱结构,下降接口、开启接口、关闭接口、举升接口分别开口于四个工位之间的阀体底面顶角处。 [0015] In order to facilitate the work of the various interfaces and piping layout is more compact, the preferred structural design, said the body was a rectangular or square cross section quadrangular structure, down interfaces, open interfaces, interface is shut down, lifting the interface It was opened in the top corner of the bottom surface of the valve body between the four stations.

[0016] 气控开关优选的结构设计是,所述的气控开关包括开关阀体,开关阀体内腔为阶台空腔,设于开关阀体顶部的封堵,其中气动机构包括封堵下表面的阶台空腔中自上至下设有径向外表面分别与其内壁气密滑动配合的气活塞及开关顶芯,开关顶芯的上端与气活塞内腔套装滑动配合,开关顶芯内腔中空,其上端开口连通气活塞与开关顶芯之间的阶台空腔,其下端开口于开关顶芯下端面,气密机构为开关顶芯下方的阶台空腔中设有的第二密封装置,阶台空腔底部设有进气接头。 [0016] Preferably the gas control switch design is that the gas valve control switch includes a switch, the switch body cavity to cavity-order station, located at the top of the valve closure switch, wherein the pneumatic means includes a lower block order table surface cavity has a radially outer surface and its inner walls are airtight sliding fit and top core switches, core switches top of the upper end of the gas piston cavity suit sliding fit within the core gas piston top switch from top to bottom the second hollow chamber, the upper end of the ventilation openings of the cavity of the piston and the switching order table top core between its lower opening in the end face of the switch at the top of the core, airtight agencies to switch the order of units below the top of the core features of the cavity sealing device, the cavity has a bottom-order station inlet connector.

[0017] 气路通道及气控通道优选的结构设计是,气路通道包括第一气路通道、第二气路通道,其中第一气路通道一端与开关顶芯及第二密封装置之间的阶台空腔连通,第一气路通道另一端与举升、下降工位所对应的第一密封装置内腔连通,第二气路通道一端开口于第二密封装置下部的阶台空腔中,第二气路通道另一端与开启、关闭工位对应的第一密封装置内腔连通;气控通道包括第一气控通道、第二气控通道,其中第一气控通道一端开口于气活塞上方的阶台空腔中,第一气控通道另一端与开启接口连通,第二气控通道一端开口于开关顶芯与阶台空腔所形成的密封腔内,第二气控通道另一端与关闭接口连通。 [0017] The air channels and air control channels are preferably structural design that includes a first air channels air channels, the second gas channels, wherein the first gas channels between one end of the top of the core switch and the second sealing means the order sets a cavity communicating, the first gas channels other end of the lift, down station corresponding to the first sealing device lumen in communication, second air channels open at one end to seal the lower portion of the second cavity means the order desk the other end of the second gas channels open and close the station corresponding to the first seal means lumen in communication; pneumatic air control channel includes a first channel, the second air control channel, wherein the first air control passage opens at one end order Desk cavity gas above the piston, the other end of the first gas passage and open control interface connectivity, the second pneumatic channel open at one end to seal the cavity and core switching order table top cavity formed by the second pneumatic channel Close communication with the other end of the interface.

[0018] 本发明所具备的实质性特点及取得的显著技术进步在于: [0018] The present invention has substantive features and significant technological advances made in that:

[0019] 1、本发明采用气控开关,有效实现了在厢门关闭状态下对压缩气源的切断,从而从根本上避免了因误操作对驾驶人员、维修人员造成的安全隐患。 [0019] 1, the present invention uses gas control switch, the effective realization of the compartment door closed in the compressed air supply is cut, thus avoiding the security risk of misuse of drivers, maintenance personnel caused by fundamentally.

[0020] 2、本发明采用多路控制形式,集成多个控制气阀功能为一体,使控制气阀的结构更加紧凑,降低了对安装空间及位置的要求,安装更加便利、快捷,单手柄的结构设计有效降低了因驾驶员误碰撞、衣物或其他物品刮碰等因素造成控制气阀损坏的风险。 [0020] 2, the present invention uses multiple forms of control, integration of multiple functions into one control valve, the control valve is more compact, reducing the installation space and location requirements, installation more convenient, fast, single handle structural design effectively reduces the risk of collision due to driver error, clothing or other objects scratching and other factors causing damage to the control valve.

[0021] 3、采用十字交叉式的控制方式,操纵更简便且提高了操作的准确性,有效降低了因同向操作易造成选择错误的可能性。 [0021] 3, the use of cross-type control, easier to manipulate and improve the accuracy of the operation, to reduce the possibility that co-operation could easily lead to the wrong choice.

[0022] 4、采用断面为矩形或正方形的四棱柱形阀体,并辅助工艺孔和各工位的间隔对称布局,在便于加工和简化气路通道的同时,合理有效利用了空间,布局更加紧凑。 [0022] 4, using a rectangular or square cross section quadrangular body, and aided process holes and each station interval symmetrical layout, the ease of processing and simplified air channels at the same time, rational and efficient use of space, layout more compact.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 本发明的附图有: [0023] drawings of the present invention are:

[0024] 图1是本发明的外形图。 [0024] FIG. 1 is an external view of the present invention.

[0025] 图2是图1的AA向视图。 [0025] FIG. 2 is a view taken along an AA in FIG.

[0026] 图3是图2的BB向视图。 [0026] FIG. 3 is a view of FIG. 2 BB.

[0027] 图4是图2的CC向视图。 [0027] FIG. 4 is a view of FIG. 2 CC.

[0028] 图5是图2的DD向视图。 [0028] FIG. 5 is a view of FIG. 2 DD.

[0029] 图6是图1的仰视图。 [0029] FIG. 6 is a bottom view of FIG. 1.

[0030] 附图中的附图标记如下: [0030] The numerals in the drawings are as follows:

[0031] 1、定位通槽;2、内六角螺钉;3、控制手柄;4、把套;5、第一定位沉孔;6、第二定位沉孔;7、操纵盖;8、减压阀芯;9、封堵;10、阀体;11、第一密封装置;12、凸轮;13、开关阀体;14、气活塞;15、开关顶芯;16、第一气路通道;17、第二密封装置;18、进气接头;19、排气孔;20、换向阀芯;21、第二气路通道;22、第一气控通道;23、第二气控通道;24、下降接口;25、开启接口;26、关闭接口;27、举升接口。 [0031] 1, positioning through-slot; 2, socket head cap screws; 3, the control handle; 4, the sets; 5, the first positioning sink hole; 6, the second positioning sink hole; 7, the operating cap; 8, decompression spool; 9, plugging; 10, the valve body; 11, a first sealing means; 12, the cam; 13, switching valve; 14, gas piston; 15, a top core switch; 16, the first air channels; 17 second sealing means; 18, inlet connector; 19, vent hole; 20, valve core; 21, a second air channels; 22, the first air control channel; 23, a second pneumatic channel; 24 drop interfaces; 25, open interfaces; 26 interface is shut down; 27, lifting the interface.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0032] 以下结合附图对本发明的实施例做进一步描述,但不作为对本发明的限定,本发明的保护范围以权利要求记载的内容为准,任何依据说明书所作出的等效技术手段替换,均不脱离本发明的保护范围。 [0032] the following with reference to embodiments of the present invention is further described but not limit the present invention, the scope of the present invention are described in the claims prevail, any equivalent technical means in accordance with instructions made by replacement, without departing from the scope of the present invention.

[0033] 本实施例的整体技术构造如图示,包括阀体10,开设于阀体10上的进气接头18及排气孔19,轴向设置且间隔排列于阀体10内由控制手柄3控制轴向位移的换向阀芯20、减压阀芯8,换向阀芯20、减压阀芯8下方分别设有第一堵塞密封装置11,阀体10内腔上开设有工作接口;工作接口包括举升接口27、下降接口24、开启接口25、关闭接口26,各工作接口通过气路分别与各第一密封装置11连通,三个换向阀芯20及一个减压阀芯8分别与控制手柄3所对应的四个工位适配,在阀体10上通过内六角螺钉2固定有气控开关,气控开关上的气动机构两侧通过气控通道分别连通开启接口25及关闭接口26,气控开关中进气接头18上方的气密机构两端分别通过气路通道与各第一密封装置11连通。 [0033] Examples of the overall technical structure as shown in this embodiment, includes a valve body 10, opened in the valve body 10 of the inlet connector 18 and the vent hole 19, and is spaced axially disposed within the valve body 10 by the control handle 3 controls the axial displacement of the valve core 20. the valve core 8, valve core 20, below the valve core 8 are provided on the first clog sealing means 11, the valve body 10 has a cavity open interfaces work ; lifting work interfaces include an interface 27, down interface 24, interface 25 open and close the interface 26, the working interface to each of the first sealing means 11 communicates through pneumatic valve core 20, respectively, three and a valve core 8, respectively, and the control handle 3 corresponding to four stations adapted to the valve body 10 by Allen screws have 2 gas control switch, on both sides of a pneumatic mechanism gas control switch on the air control passage through the open interface 25, respectively and shut down the interface 26, both ends of the airtight body gas control switch in the top of the inlet connector 18, respectively, through the gas channels 11 communicating with the first seal.

[0034] 所述的换向阀芯20分别与控制手柄3的举升、厢门开启、厢门关闭三个工位相对应,减压阀芯8与控制手柄3的下降工位相对应 [0034] The core of the valve lift control handle 20, respectively, 3 to open the car door, the car door closing phase corresponding to the three stations, valve core 8 and the control handle decline phase 3 corresponds workers

[0035] 所述的阀体10上表面设置操纵盖7,操纵盖7通过其表面开设的呈十字型的定位通槽1且与控制手柄3下部适配,定位通槽1的四个端点分别对应举升、下降、厢门开启、厢门关闭四个工位。 [0035] The surface of the valve body 10 of the operating cap 7, 7 by manipulating the cover was a cross-shaped positioning groove through the surface and with the creation of a control lever 3 Lower adaptation, through slits positioned four endpoints were 1 the corresponding lift, down, open the car door, the car door closed four stations.

[0036] 还包括一自锁机构,该自锁机构包括弹性套装于控制手柄3上的把套4,开设于定位通槽1十字交叉部位的第一定位沉孔5,对应下降工位的定位通槽1端点开设有第二定位沉孔6,第一定位沉孔5、第二定位沉孔6与把套4下端适配。 [0036] also includes a self-locking mechanism, the lock mechanism includes a resilient package to the control handle 43 on the sleeve, opened in locating parts through slots 1 cross first positioning sink hole 5, corresponding to the positioning of decline station endpoint 1 through slot opened a second positioning hole 6 Shen, Shen first positioning holes 5, 6 and second positioning sink hole 4 to the lower end of the adapter sleeve.

[0037] 换向阀芯20及减压阀芯8通过连接于控制手柄3下方的凸轮12控制其轴向位移,所述的凸轮12选用十字凸轮。 [0037] The valve core 20 and valve core 8 connected to the control cam 12 of the control handle 3 below its axial displacement of the cam 12 through cam selection of the cross.

[0038] 所述的凸轮12整体呈球形,其上部与操纵盖7内表面球面适配,凸轮12底部为与各工位对应的换向阀芯20及减压阀芯8适配的弧面或球面结构。 [0038] The cam 12 as a whole was spherical, with its upper inner surface of the spherical operating cap 7 adapted for the cam 12 and the bottom of each station corresponding to the valve core 20 and valve core 8 adapted arc or a spherical structure.

[0039] 所述的阀体10呈断面为矩形或正方形的四棱柱结构,下降接口24、开启接口25、关闭接口26、举升接口27分别开口于四个工位之间的阀体10底面顶角处。 [0039] The valve body 10 has a square or rectangular cross section of a quadrangular prism structure, decrease the interface 24, the interface 25 to open and close the interface 26, interface 27 are opened to lift the valve body 10 between the bottom surface of the four stations top corner.

[0040] 所述的气控开关包括开关阀体13,开关阀体13内腔为阶台空腔,设于开关阀体13顶部的封堵9,其中气动机构包括封堵9下表面的阶台空腔中自上至下设有径向外表面分别与其内壁气密滑动配合的气活塞14及开关顶芯15,开关顶芯15的上端与气活塞14内腔套装滑动配合,开关顶芯15内腔中空,其上端开口连通气活塞14与开关顶芯15之间的阶台空腔,其下端开口于开关顶芯15下端面,气密机构为开关顶芯15下方的阶台空腔中设有的第二密封装置17,阶台空腔底部设有进气接头18。 [0040] The gas valve control switch includes a switch 13, the switch valve 13 is the order desk cavity cavity provided in the top of the valve body 13 to block the switch 9, wherein the mechanism comprises a pneumatic sealing surface 9 under the order Taiwan cavity has a radially outer surface and its inner walls are airtight sliding fit 14 and the switch core gas piston top 15, the top of the switch core and the upper end of the gas cavity 15 of the piston 14 sliding fit suit, top core switch from top to bottom hollow cavity 15, its upper end connected to the ventilation opening 14 with the switching order table top piston core cavity 15 between its lower opening in the top of the core switch 15 the lower end, the order station airtight cavity below the core agencies to switch top 15 second sealing device 17 is provided at the bottom of the order table has a cavity inlet connector 18.

[0041] 气路通道包括第一气路通道16、第二气路通道21,其中第一气路通道16 —端与开关顶芯15及第二密封装置17之间的阶台空腔连通,第一气路通道16另一端与举升、下降工位所对应的第一密封装置11内腔连通,第二气路通道21 —端开口于第二密封装置17下部的阶台空腔中,第二气路通道21另一端与开启、关闭工位对应的第一密封装置11内腔连通;气控通道包括第一气控通道22、第二气控通道23,其中第一气控通道22 —端开口于气活塞14上方的阶台空腔中,第一气控通道22另一端与开启接口25连通,第二气控通道23 —端开口于开关顶芯15与阶台空腔所形成的密封腔内,第二气控通道23另一端与关闭接口26连通。 [0041] The manifold includes a first gas passage channels 16, the second gas channels 21, wherein the first gas channels 16 - STEP cavity end switch station 15 and the top core 17 between the second seal means in communication, the first air channels 16 and the other end of the lift, down station 11 corresponding to the first seal means lumen in communication, second air channels 21 - end opening to the cavity of the second-order station in the lower part of the sealing device 17, the second air channels 21 and the other end opened and closed the station corresponding to the first sealing means 11 lumen in communication; pneumatic air control channel includes a first channel 22, the second air control channel 23, wherein the first air control channel 22 - end opening of the gas above the piston 14 in the order of units cavity 22 and the other end of the first air control channel 25 communicates with the open interface and the second pneumatic channel 23 - the top end opening of the switch core 15 and the cavity formed by the order desk the sealed chamber, a second air control channel 23 and the other end closed communication interface 26.

[0042] 以下按照工位对本实施例的工作过程描述如下: [0042] The following stations in accordance with the work process of the present embodiment is described as follows:

[0043] 1、厢门开启 [0043] 1, open the car door

[0044] 当推动控制手柄3至厢门开启工位,在凸轮12作用下,与该工位对应的换向阀芯20下移,顶开与之对应的第一密封装置,压缩空气由进气接头18进入,并依次通过第二气路通道21、第一密封装置11内腔、气路进入到与厢门开启工位相对应的开启接口25控制厢门开启;同时压缩空气经第一气控通道22进入到气活塞14上部的阶台孔腔中并推动气活塞14下移,带动开关顶芯15下移顶开第二密封装置17 ;压缩空气通过第二密封装置17上的阶台孔腔经开关顶芯15内腔进入气活塞14与开关顶芯15之间的阶台孔腔中,对开关顶芯15形成向下作用力,使开关顶芯15在失去气活塞14作用力的情况下保持顶开第二密封装置17的工作状态,第一气路通道16与进气接头18导通,压缩空气进入与举升、下降工位对应的第一密封装置11内腔。 [0044] When pushing the control handle 3 to open the car door station, under the action of the cam 12, and the station corresponding valve core 20 down, top to open the corresponding first sealing means, compressed air from the feed gas fitting 18 into and passes through the second gas channels 21, 11 lumen, gas sealing means into a first compartment door open and work phase corresponds to open the car door to open the control interface 25; at the same time compressed air through the first gas control air channel 22 into the upper portion of the piston bore 14 of the order station and push down gas piston 14, driving down the top switch top core 15 to open the second seal means 17; 17 on the order Desk compressed air through the second sealing means top of the bore through the switch core 15 into the cavity 14 and the gas piston chamber 15 between Taiwan and Kong order, the top of the switch core 15 is formed downward force top core switch, the switch core 15 in the top 14 lost gas piston force the case holding the top open a second sealing means 17 operating state, the first air channels 16 and the inlet connector 18 is turned on, and lifting into the air, down the station corresponding to the first sealing means 11 lumen.

[0045] 2、车厢举升 [0045] 2, lifting cars

[0046] 当推动控制手柄3至车厢举升工位,在凸轮12作用下,与该工位对应的换向阀芯20下移,顶开与之对应的第一密封装置11,压缩空气由经进气接头18进入,并依次通过第一气路通道16、第一密封装置11内腔、气路进入到与车厢举升工位相对应的举升接口27控制车厢举升。 [0046] When the control handle 3 to push the car lift station, at 12 cam action, and the station corresponding valve core 20 down, top to open the corresponding first sealing means 11, compressed air from the after entering the inlet connector 18, and passes through the first air channels 16, 11 of the first seal cavity, gas and car lifting device into the work phase corresponding lift car lift control interface 27.

[0047] 3、车厢下降 [0047] 3, carriage decline

[0048] 当推动控制手柄3至车厢下降工位,在凸轮12作用下,与该工位对应的减压阀芯8下移,顶开与之对应的第一密封装置11,压缩空气由经进气接头18进入,并依次通过第一气路通道16、第一密封装置11内腔、气路进入到与车厢举升工位相对应的下降接口24控制车厢举升。 [0048] When the control handle 3 to push the car dropped station, under action of the cam 12, and the station corresponding valve core 8 down, open the top corresponding first sealing means 11, by a compressed air air inlet 18 into and passes through the first air channels 16, 11 lumen, gas sealing means into a first compartment and lifting work phase corresponding decrease car lift control interface 24.

[0049] 4、厢门关闭 [0049] 4, closed the car door

[0050] 当推动控制手柄3至厢门关闭工位,在凸轮12作用下,与该工位对应的换向阀芯20下移,顶开与之对应的第一密封装置11,压缩空气由经进气接头18进入,并依次通过第二气路通道21、第一密封装置11内腔、气路进入到与厢门关闭工位相对应的关闭接口26控制厢门关闭;同时压缩空气经第二气控通道23进入到开关顶芯15与阶台孔腔之间的密封腔内,推动开关顶芯15上移,第二密封装置17失去开关顶芯15的推顶作用后封闭,使举升、下降工位对应的第一密封装置11内腔与压缩气源断开连接,此时即便因误操作推动控制手柄3至车厢举升或下降工位,也会因失去气源而不能完成相应的车厢举升或下降控制功能,从而实现安全防护的效果。 [0050] When the control handle 3 to push the car door closed station in action cam 12, and the station corresponding valve core 20 down, top to open the corresponding first sealing means 11, compressed air from the after entering the inlet connector 18 and the second air passes through the channels 21, 11 of the first seal cavity, gas device into the car door close a corresponding phase control interface 26 to close the car door is closed; at the same time compressed air through the first the second gas passage 23 into the control switch 15 and the top core sealed chamber cavity between Taiwan and Kong order to promote the switch on top of the core 15 moves, the second sealing means 17 lost 15 of the ejector effect after blocking switch core top, so give liter, down station corresponding to the first sealing cavity 11 is disconnected from the compressed air source, even at this time due to misuse push the control handle 3 compartments to lift or drop station, also due to the loss of gas supply can not be completed corresponding car lifting or lowering control functions in order to achieve security results.

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Referenziert von
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Klassifizierungen
Internationale KlassifikationF16K27/02, F16K11/14, F15B13/02
UnternehmensklassifikationF16K27/0263, F15B13/02, F16K11/14
Juristische Ereignisse
DatumCodeEreignisBeschreibung
16. März 2016C06Publication
13. Apr. 2016C10Entry into substantive examination
30. Juni 2017TA01
28. Juli 2017GR01