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VeröffentlichungsnummerCN1139962 A
PublikationstypAnmeldung
AnmeldenummerCN 94194706
PCT-NummerPCT/US1994/013208
Veröffentlichungsdatum8. Jan. 1997
Eingetragen10. Nov. 1994
Prioritätsdatum10. Nov. 1993
Auch veröffentlicht unterCA2176003A1, CA2176003C, EP0733133A1, EP0733133A4, WO1995013412A1
Veröffentlichungsnummer94194706.8, CN 1139962 A, CN 1139962A, CN 94194706, CN-A-1139962, CN1139962 A, CN1139962A, CN94194706, CN94194706.8, PCT/1994/13208, PCT/US/1994/013208, PCT/US/1994/13208, PCT/US/94/013208, PCT/US/94/13208, PCT/US1994/013208, PCT/US1994/13208, PCT/US1994013208, PCT/US199413208, PCT/US94/013208, PCT/US94/13208, PCT/US94013208, PCT/US9413208
ErfinderM·L·桑杜扎, K·苏加芬, C·霍罗维兹, L·齐尔伯曼
AntragstellerGmz控股公司
Zitat exportierenBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Externe Links:  SIPO, Espacenet
Disposable toothbrush having mint flavored toothpaste composition bonded to bristles thereof
CN 1139962 A
Zusammenfassung  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
通过自由基机理,用选取的单体和预聚物化学接枝和聚合到鬃毛上的方法,将一种带香味的牙膏组合物键合到一次性使用的牙刷鬃毛上。 By a free radical mechanism, with monomers and prepolymers chemically grafted and polymerized onto the selected method on the bristles, a toothpaste compositions key flavored bonded to the toothbrush bristles disposable. 直到使用前,这种方法制取的产品一直保存着香味。 Until the use of this method of preparation of the product has been preserved flavor. 当让牙膏与一种水介质(如口腔中唾液)相接触时,牙膏随之溶解并向牙齿和口腔释放出所要求的香味。 When so toothpaste with an aqueous medium (e.g. the oral cavity saliva) is contacted, along with the toothpaste to the teeth and oral cavity dissolution release the desired flavor.
Ansprüche(60)  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
1.一种牙刷和带香味牙膏组合体,包括:(a)一簇鬃毛,(b)一种化学键合于鬃毛上的聚合物,(c)一种化学键合于上述聚合物上的香料。 A toothbrush and toothpaste combination with flavor, comprising: (a) a cluster of bristles, (b) one kind of chemical bonding on the polymer bristles, (c) one kind of chemical bonding on the above polymer spices.
2.如权利要求1所述的组合体,其中鬃毛在它们的分子结构上含有活泼氢,该活泼氢能被夺取以在其空出的氢位置进行接枝聚合反应。 2. The composition of claim 1, wherein the bristles on their molecular structure containing an active hydrogen, the active hydrogen is taken to perform graft in its position vacated hydrogen polymerization.
3.如权利要求2所述的组合体,其中鬃毛选自耐纶、聚丙烯和聚酯鬃毛。 3. The combination as claimed in claim 2, wherein the bristles is selected from nylon, polypropylene and polyester bristles.
4.如权利要求1所述的组合体,其中聚合物化学接枝于上述鬃毛上。 4. The combination according to claim, wherein the polymer is chemically grafted on said bristles.
5.如权利要求3所述的组合体,其中聚合物化学接枝于上述的鬃毛上。 5. A combination as claimed in claim 3, wherein the polymer is chemically grafted on said bristles.
6.如权利要求4所述的组合体,其中聚合物选自含一个或多个羧基和羟基的单体和预聚物。 6. The combination according to claim 4, wherein the polymer is selected from the group containing one or more monomers and prepolymers carboxyl and hydroxyl groups.
7.如权利要求6所述的组合体,其中单体和预聚物是丙烯酸、聚丙烯酸和聚乙烯醇。 7. The combination of claim 6, wherein the monomer and the prepolymer is acrylic acid, polyacrylic acid and polyvinyl alcohol.
8.如权利要求1所述的组合体,其中化学键是共价键。 8. The combination according to claim, wherein the chemical bond is a covalent bond.
9.如权利要求5所述的组合体,其中化学键是共价键。 9. The combination according to claim 5, wherein the chemical bond is a covalent bond.
10.如权利要求6所述的组合体,进一步包含一种金属离子型的接枝引发剂,用以夺取活泼氢并使被夺取的位置转变成为自由基位置供单体/预聚物相连接,得到一种单体/预聚物与鬃毛的共价键。 10. The combination of claim 6, further comprising a metal ion graft initiator type, and to win the active hydrogen captured position transformed into a radical position for the monomer / prepolymer is connected , to obtain a monomer / prepolymer with the bristles of a covalent bond.
11.一种带香味牙膏组合物键合到基质上的方法,包括:(a)提供一种包含有上述基质鬃毛的牙刷,(b)用接枝引发剂活化该基质,(c)将单体/预聚物键合于活化的基质上,(d)让单体/预聚物发生聚合反应形成一种接枝聚合物链,(e)将一种香料化学键合到聚合物链上,(b)至(e)是在一种催化剂存在下完成,(f)将含带香味的牙膏组合物干燥以完成接枝聚合反应,从而直到牙刷和带香味牙膏组合物使用前保持着香料。 A scented dentifrice composition bonded to a method on the substrate, comprising: (a) providing a matrix comprising the above-described toothbrush bristles, (b) a graft initiator to activate the substrate, (c) the monomer / prepolymer bonded to the activated substrate, (d) and the monomer / prepolymers undergo polymerization to form a graft polymer chains, (e) to a fragrance chemically bonded to the polymer chain , (b) to (e) are completed in the presence of a catalyst, (f) a toothpaste composition containing a scented dried to complete the graft polymerization reaction, thereby until the toothbrush and toothpaste compositions using scented perfume maintained .
12.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(a)包含提供一种牙刷,其牙刷鬃毛的分子结构上含活泼氢,该活泼氢能被夺取以在其空出的氢位置上进行接枝聚合反应。 12. The method according to 11 in which hydrogen positions vacated claim, wherein said (a) comprises providing a toothbrush, active hydrogen-containing molecular structure which toothbrush bristles, the active hydrogen is taken graft polymerization reaction.
13.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(a)包括提供一种有耐纶、聚丙烯或聚酯鬃毛的牙刷。 13. The method of claim 11, wherein said (a) comprises providing a kind of nylon, polypropylene or polyester bristles of the toothbrush.
14.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(b)包括用一种金属离子型的接枝引发剂活化基质,该引发剂用以夺取活泼氢并使被夺取的位置变成为自由基位置供单体/预聚物相连接,得到一种单体/预聚物与鬃毛的共价键。 14. The method of claim 11, wherein said (b) comprises a metal ion graft initiator activated matrix type, which is used to seize an active hydrogen initiator and a captured position becomes free base position for the monomer / prepolymer is connected to give a monomer / prepolymer with the bristles covalent bond.
15.如权利要求14所述的方法,其中上述的(b)包括用一种亚铁离子型的接枝引发剂活化基质。 15. The method of claim 14, wherein said (b) comprises a ferrous ionic graft initiator activated matrix.
16.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中(b)还包括接枝引发剂还原和基质氧化作用以使基质变成为一种自由基。 16. The method of claim 11, wherein (b) further comprises a graft initiator and substrate oxidation in order to restore the matrix becomes a free radical.
17.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中(c)还包括单体/预聚物接枝到活化的基质上,使在基质上形成一种接枝聚合物自由基。 17. The method of claim 11, wherein (c) further comprises a monomer / prepolymer grafted to the activated substrate, forming a graft polymer radicals onto the substrate.
18.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中(d)还包括在基质上的聚合物链的生长。 18. The method of claim 11, wherein (d) further comprises a substrate of polymer chain growth.
19.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中(e)还包括:(i)形成一种薄荷醇自由基(ii)薄荷醇自由基与在(d)形成的活化接枝聚合物基质结合,得到是香料与牙刷鬃毛表面的一种共价键合。 19. The method of claim 11, wherein (e) further comprises: (i) forming a menthol radical (ii) menthol graft polymer matrix with an activating radical in (d) to form a joint, get the spices with a toothbrush bristle surface covalent bonding.
20.如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括含香味牙膏组合物的牙刷在约212°F-300°F温度下固化约1-2分钟的步骤。 20. The method of claim 11, further comprising the step of about 1-2 minutes toothbrush aroma-containing dentifrice composition at about 212 ° F-300 ° F cure temperature.
21.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(e)包括在过氧化物催化剂存在下将香料化学键合到聚合物链上。 11 21. The method according to claim, wherein said (e) in the presence of a peroxide catalyst perfume chemically bonded to the polymer chain.
22.如权利要求21所述的方法,其中上述的(e)包括在过氧化氢存在下将香料化学键合到聚合物链上。 22. The method of claim 21, wherein said (e) comprises hydrogen peroxide in the presence of the perfume is chemically bonded to the polymer chain.
23.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(c)包括将丙烯酸和聚丙烯酸键合到活化的基质上。 23. The method of claim 11, wherein said (c) comprises acrylic acid and polyacrylic acid bonded to the activated substrate.
24.一种将带香味牙膏组合物键合于基质上的方法,基质为牙刷的鬃毛,方法的步骤包括:(a)牙刷的鬃毛上涂敷一底涂层,该底涂层包含有一种香料和一种预聚物,(b)将底涂层固化,(c)在底涂层上涂敷一顶涂层,该顶涂层包含有一种单体、催化剂、接枝引发剂和辅助的赋形剂,(d)将顶涂层固化。 24. A method of the scented toothpaste compositions bonded to the substrate, the substrate is a step of the toothbrush bristles, the method comprising: (a) applying a toothbrush bristles undercoat layer, the undercoat layer comprising There is a spice and a prepolymer, (b) curing the undercoat layer, (c) on the primer coating a top coat, the top coat comprising a monomer, catalyst, graft initiator and auxiliary excipients, (d) curing the top coat.
25.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中上述的(a)步骤包括:(i)用接枝引发剂活化基质,(ii)将预聚物键合到已活化的基质上,(iii)将香料化学键合到预聚物上,(i)至(iii)是在一种催化剂存在下完成。 25. The method of claim 24, wherein said step (a) comprises: (i) a graft initiator activated matrix, (ii) the prepolymer is bonded to the activated substrate, (iii) perfume chemically bonded to the prepolymer, (i) to (iii) is done in the presence of a catalyst.
26.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含一种金属离子型接枝引发剂的顶涂层,该接枝引发剂用以夺取活泼氢并使被夺取的位置变成自由基位置供单体/预聚物相连接,得到一种单体/预聚物与牙刷鬃毛的共价键。 26. The method of claim 24, wherein said step (c) comprises applying a layer containing a metal ion graft initiator top coat agent, the graft initiator to seize an active hydrogen and captured the radical position into a position for the monomer / prepolymer is connected, to obtain a monomer / prepolymer with the toothbrush bristles of a covalent bond.
27.如权利要求26所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含亚铁离子型接枝引发剂的顶涂层。 27. The method of claim 26, wherein said step (c) comprises applying a layer of the ferrous ion-containing graft initiator top coating agent.
28.如权利要求25所述的方法,其中(i)还包括接枝引发剂的还原和鬃毛的氧化作用以使鬃毛变成为一种自由基。 28. The method of claim 25, wherein (i) further comprises a graft initiator, and reducing agent oxidation bristles so that the bristles becomes a free radical.
29.如权利要求25所述的方法,其中(ii)还包括预聚物接枝到已活化的基质上,使在基质上形成一种接枝预聚物自由基。 29. The method of claim 25, wherein (ii) further comprises the prepolymer grafted to the activated substrate, forming a graft on a substrate prepolymer radical.
30.如权利要求25所述的方法,其中(iii)还包括:(a)形成一种薄荷醇自由基。 30. The method according to claim 25, wherein (iii) further comprises: (a) forming a menthol radical. (b)薄荷醇自由基与在(ii)中形成的活化接枝预聚物基质结合,得到一种香料与牙刷鬃毛表面的共价键合。 (B) menthol radical grafting with an activated matrix in the prepolymer (ii) in the formation of binding, covalently bonded to obtain a fragrance and toothbrush bristles surface.
31.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中顶涂层的涂敷包括:(i)将一种单体接枝于已活化的基质上,(ii)该单体经聚合反应形成一种接枝聚合物链,(i)和(ii)均在一种催化剂存在下完成。 31. The method of claim 24, wherein the top coat coating comprising: (i) the monomer grafted to the activated substrate, (ii) the monomer is polymerized to form a contact graft polymer chain, (i) and (ii) are completed in the presence of a catalyst.
32.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中步骤(b)是在约200°F温度下进行约4-5分钟。 32. The method according to claim 24, wherein step (b) is carried out at a temperature of about 200 ° F for about 4-5 minutes.
33.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中步骤(d)是在约300°F温度下进行约2分钟。 33. The method of claim 24, wherein step (d) is carried out at a temperature of about 300 ° F for about 2 minutes.
34.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中上述步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含过氧化物催化剂的顶涂层。 24 34. The method according to claim, wherein said step (c) comprises applying a layer comprising a peroxide catalyst topcoat.
35.如权利要求34所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含过氧化氢催化剂的顶涂层。 35. The method according to claim 34 wherein said step (c) comprises applying a layer over the top coat containing a hydrogen peroxide catalyst.
36.如权利要求31所述的方法,其中(i)和(ii)均在过氧化物催化剂存在下完成。 36. The method according to claim 31, wherein (i) and (ii) are carried out under the presence of a peroxide catalyst.
37.如权利要求36所述的方法,其中(i)和(ii)均在过氧化氢催化剂存在下完成。 37. The method of claim 36, wherein (i) and (ii) are in the presence of hydrogen peroxide over a catalyst to complete.
38.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一层含聚乙烯醇预聚物的底涂层和其中上述的步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含丙烯酸单体的顶涂层。 38. The method of claim 24, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a layer of an undercoat layer containing polyvinyl alcohol prepolymer and wherein said step (c) comprises applying a layer of acrylic acid-containing single topcoat body.
39.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中顶涂层中也包含一种颜料。 24 39. The method according to claim, wherein the topcoat also comprises a pigment.
40.如权利要求26中所述的方法,其中顶涂层中也包含一种颜料。 40. The method according to claim 26, wherein the topcoat also comprises a pigment.
41.如权利要求27中所述的方法,其中顶涂层中也包含一种颜料。 41. The method according to claim 27, wherein the topcoat also comprises a pigment.
42.一种将带香味牙膏组合物键合到基质上的方法,基质为牙刷的鬃毛,步骤包括:(a)单涂层牙膏组合物涂敷于牙刷的鬃毛上,单涂层中包含一种单体/预聚物、催化剂、接枝引发剂、香料和其它辅助赋形剂。 42. A method of the scented toothpaste composition bonded to the substrate, the substrate for toothbrush bristles, comprising the steps: (a) a single coating composition is applied to the toothpaste on the toothbrush bristles, a single coating comprises a monomer / prepolymer, catalyst, graft initiator, perfumes and other auxiliary excipients. (b)空气干燥含香味的牙膏组合物的牙刷。 (B) air-drying the toothbrush of toothpaste compositions containing fragrance.
43.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中单涂层中还包含一种颜料。 43. The method of claim 42, wherein the single coating layer further comprises a pigment.
44.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括。 44. The method of claim 42, wherein said step (a) includes. (i)用接枝引发剂活化基质,(ii)将单体/预聚物键合于已活化的基质上,(iii)让单体/预聚物聚合形成为一种接枝聚合物链,和(iv)将香料化学键合于聚合物链上,(i)至(iv)均在催化剂存在下完成。 (I) a graft initiator activated matrix, (ii) the monomer / prepolymer is bonded to the activated substrate, (iii) and the monomer / prepolymer is polymerized to form a graft polymer chain is , and (iv) the perfume is chemically bonded to the polymer chain, (i) to (iv) are completed in the presence of a catalyst.
45.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一单层含一种金属离子型的接枝引发剂,该接枝引发剂用以夺取活泼氢并被夺取的位置变成自由基位置供单体/预聚物相连接,得到一种单体/预聚物与牙刷鬃毛的共价键。 45. The method of claim 42, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a single layer type containing a metal ion graft initiator, the grafting initiator to seize an active hydrogen and is captured position into the radical position for the monomer / prepolymer is connected, to obtain a monomer / prepolymer with the toothbrush bristles of a covalent bond.
46.如权利要求45所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一单层含铁离子型接枝引发剂的涂层。 46. The method of claim 45, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a single layer of iron-ionic graft initiator coating agent.
47.如权利要求45所述的方法,其中单涂层也包含一种颜料。 47. The method of claim 45, wherein the single coating layer also contains a pigment.
48.如权利要求46所述的方法,其中单涂层也包含一种颜料。 48. The method of claim 46, wherein the single coating layer also contains a pigment.
49.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(i)还包括接枝引发剂的还原和鬃毛的氧化作用以使鬃毛变成为一种自由基。 49. The method of claim 44, wherein (i) further comprises a graft initiator, and reducing agent oxidation bristles so that the bristles becomes a free radical.
50.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(ii)还包括预聚物接枝到已活化的基质上,使在基质上形成一种接枝预聚物自由基。 50. The method of claim 44, wherein (ii) further comprises the prepolymer grafted to the activated substrate, forming a graft on a substrate prepolymer radical.
51.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(iii)还包括在基质上聚合物链的增长。 51. The method of claim 44, wherein (iii) further comprises a growth substrate polymer chain.
52.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(iv)还包括:(a)形成一种薄荷醇自由基,和(b)薄荷醇自由基与在(ii)中形成的活化接枝预聚物基质结合,得到一种香料与牙刷鬃毛表面的共价键合。 52. The method of claim 44, wherein (iv) further comprises: (a) forming a menthol radical, and (b) menthol and activated radical grafting in (ii) formed in the prepolymerization matrix-bound material, to obtain a covalent bonding with the toothbrush bristles perfume surface.
53.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中步骤(b)是在室温下进行约30-40分钟。 53. The method of claim 42, wherein step (b) is carried out at room temperature for about 30-40 minutes.
54.如权利要求42所述的方法,还包括固化含带香味牙膏组合物牙刷的任选步骤(c)。 54. The method of claim 42, further comprising a curing step of optionally flavored toothpaste composition containing toothbrush (c).
55.如权利要求54所述的方法,其中步骤(c)在约212°F-300°F温度下进行约1-2分钟。 55. The method of claim 54, wherein step (c) at about 212 ° F-300 ° F temperature for about 1-2 minutes.
56.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一层含过氧化物催化剂的单涂层。 56. The method of claim 42, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a layer of a single coating layer containing a peroxide catalyst.
57.如权利要求56所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一层含过氧化氢催化剂的单涂层。 57. The method of claim 56, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a layer of hydrogen peroxide-containing catalyst is a single coat.
58.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(i)至(iv)均在过氧化物催化剂存在下完成。 58. The method of claim 44, wherein (i) to (iv) are completed in the presence of a peroxide catalyst.
59.如权利要求58所述的方法,其中(i)至(iv)均在过氧化氢催化剂存在下完成。 59. The method of claim 58, wherein (i) to (iv) are in the presence of hydrogen peroxide over a catalyst to complete.
60.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一层含丙烯酸单体和聚丙烯酸预聚物的单涂层。 60. The method of claim 42, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a single coating layer comprising acrylic monomer and polyacrylate prepolymer.
Beschreibung  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
具有键合在牙刷鬃毛上的薄荷香味的牙膏组合物的一次性使用的牙刷 Disposable toothbrush having bonded to the toothbrush bristles mint flavored toothpaste composition

发明背景为适应繁忙和常常苦恼的旅行者需要,现已设计出一种在远离家居(例如在旅行中)可一次性使用的牙刷,或可供给例如饭店和餐馆接待顾客使用。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In order to meet the busy and often distressed traveler needs, has devised a far from home (for example, when traveling) can be disposable toothbrush, or can supply such as hotels and restaurants serve a customer use. 这种一次性使用的牙刷免除了携带单独的牙膏管和在刷牙时在牙刷上敷用足量带香味牙膏的需要,加香味是用来促进口腔的卫生措施。 This toothbrush disposable eliminates carry a separate toothpaste tube and deposited in the toothbrush when brushing flavored toothpaste with a sufficient amount of need, add the fragrance is used to promote oral health measures. 许多这类现有技术的一次性使用的牙刷是复杂和/或昂贵的,如为在使用前将牙膏挤涂在牙刷鬃毛上的一种机械。 Disposable toothbrush many such prior art is complex and / or expensive, as for the prior use of a mechanical squeeze the toothpaste applied to the toothbrush bristles. 在其它现有技术的一次性使用的牙刷中,将牙膏预先涂敷于牙刷鬃毛上,但已证明此种牙刷是不稳定的,因在经过一段较短时间后,其牙膏香味就消失了,这从商业角度考虑是不现实的,因为商业上要求有一个合理的库存期。 In other disposable toothbrush of the prior art, the pre-applied to the toothpaste on the toothbrush bristles, it has been shown that such toothbrush is unstable, because after a relatively short time, which disappeared toothpaste flavor This consideration from a business point of view is unrealistic, because they require a reasonable inventory of commercially available. 因此,现有技术的一次性使用的牙刷多半已被证明在商业上是不成功的,主要是因为已知的现有技术的一次性使用的牙刷已被证明无法满足预先涂敷牙膏有关排除挤涂机械、合理的库存期和低廉生产成本等多种要求。 Thus, disposable toothbrush prior art has been shown in most commercially unsuccessful, primarily because of the known disposable toothbrush of the prior art have been shown to not meet the pre-applied to squeeze toothpaste on troubleshooting coating machinery, reasonable inventory of low production costs and other requirements. 关于生产成本,众所周知,例如饭店等服务行业将不会给其顾客提供超过原先核定成本外的一次性使用的用品。 On production costs, is well known, such as restaurants and other service industries will not give its customers more than the original cost of the approved foreign supplies disposable.

当然,医院也向其病人提供牙刷,典型地情况是提供一支牙刷和一单管牙膏,典型的牙膏管内含有供使用有限次数的足够量牙膏。 Of course, the hospital also offers toothbrushes for their patients, typically the situation is to provide a single tube of toothpaste and a toothbrush, for the use of a limited number containing a sufficient amount of a typical toothpaste tubes of toothpaste. 但这就产生了两个问题,首先存在一个传染病传染危险,特别是在病人将他/她的牙刷放在洗涤槽等处时。 But this raises two questions, first of all there is a risk of communicable disease, especially in the patient his / her toothbrush on the sink, etc.. 其次,对于只有一只胳膊能活动的病人或有时病人进行静脉注射治疗时,他们就难进行将牙膏挤敷在牙刷鬃毛上的操作。 Secondly, the patient can be active only one arm or sometimes when a patient intravenous treatment, they were difficult to apply toothpaste on the toothbrush bristles operation.

基于上述原因,有必要生产一种单独包装并价廉的一次性使用的牙刷,其牙刷鬃毛上已均匀涂布着一种牙膏组合物并且其中的香味在合理的库存期内不会消散。 For these reasons, it is necessary to produce an individually packaged and inexpensive disposable toothbrushes, toothbrush bristles which have uniformly coated with a dentifrice composition and wherein the fragrance is not dissipated in a reasonable inventory period.

发明目的和概述因此,本发明的一个目的是提供一种键合于牙刷上的带香味牙膏组合物,其中香味是稳定并持久的。 AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object, therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a bonded flavored dentifrice composition on a toothbrush, wherein the flavoring is a stable and lasting.

本发明再一个目的是提供一种一次性使用的牙刷,其上涂敷着足够一次刷牙所需量的牙膏,以致初次使用后可随意处理掉。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a disposable toothbrush, which is coated with a sufficient amount of a desired brushing toothpaste, so that after initial use can be freely disposed of.

本发明的另一个目的是提供一种具有耐久、稳定香味的一次性使用的牙刷和牙膏产品的制造方法。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a durable, toothbrush and toothpaste products of the manufacturing method of the disposable stable fragrance.

本发明还有另一个目的是提供一种以低廉成本生产的一次性使用的牙刷和牙膏产品。 Still another object of the present invention is to provide a low-cost production of toothbrushes and toothpaste products disposable.

本发明再有另一个目的是提供一种在医院等使用既安全又方便的一次性使用的牙刷。 Further another object of the present invention is to provide a safe and convenient disposable toothbrush in hospitals.

于是本发明是指向制造一种一次性使用的牙刷和牙膏产品,它采用包括将所选取的单体和预聚物经化学接枝和聚合反应到牙刷的鬃毛上的方法。 Thus, the present invention is to manufacture a toothbrush and toothpaste directed to a disposable product, which comprises using the selected monomer and a prepolymer and a polymerization by chemical grafting onto the toothbrush bristles approach. 特别是,本发明的方法包括牙刷的鬃毛(此后一般称作“基质”)与组合物相接触的步骤,组合物中含有一种作为接枝引发剂的二价铁盐、一种单体/预聚物和一种经亚铁离子活化聚合反应的催化剂,因而亚铁离子被基质所还原,基质上形成了自由基。 In particular, the method of the invention comprises a toothbrush bristles (hereinafter generally referred to as "substrate") step in contact with the composition, the composition comprising a graft initiator as a divalent iron salt, one monomer / prepolymer and a ferrous ion by the polymerization reaction of the activated catalyst, thereby reducing the matrix of the ferrous ions, free radicals formed on the substrate. 单体和预聚物自身连接到这些自由基位置上,于是形成一种与基质本质上的共价键。 Monomers and prepolymers itself connected to these radical positions, thereby forming a covalent bond with the matrix essentially. 然后含牙膏组合物的牙刷经干燥而完成牙膏与基质的接枝键合。 Then a toothpaste composition containing dried to complete the toothbrush and toothpaste matrix graft-bonded.

所得到的键强度是能调节的,以便使带香味的牙膏在与通常口腔液体,即水和唾液相接触时立即活化并通过牙刷鬃毛对牙齿的擦刷作用而释放,因而向使用者的牙齿和口腔中送出合乎需要的香味。 The resulting bond strength is adjustable, so that the toothpaste flavored oral fluid at normal, i.e., in contact with water and saliva immediately activated by the toothbrush bristles and brushing the teeth of the release action, and thus to the user's teeth and oral cavity fed desirable flavor.

优选实施方案的详细描述化学接枝的机理A.施用于天然和聚合物的基质上化学接枝包括基质的活化。 Describe in detail the mechanism of chemical grafting of the preferred embodiment is applied to a substrate A. chemically grafted matrix polymers include natural and activation. 一旦基质已被活化,以碳-碳键相连的单体链生长在该基质上,健合于基质并不损坏它固有的特征。 Once the substrate has been activated, a carbon - carbon bond of linked monomer chains grow in the substrate, bonded to the substrate does not damage the health of its inherent characteristics. 天然存在和合成的许多基质都具有活泼氢,活泼氢比“主体氢”(bulkhydrogens)例如聚丙烯中的叔氢,更有反应性。 Many naturally occurring and synthetic substrates have active hydrogen, active hydrogen than the "main hydrogen" (bulkhydrogens) tertiary hydrogen such as polypropylene, more reactive.

接枝引发剂(graft initiator,GI)有移开这些活泼氢的能力并且伴随引发聚合物链在移开活泼氢的位置生长,在聚丙烯情况下,可如下表示: Grafting initiator (graft initiator, GI) has the ability to remove the active hydrogen in the polymer chain and is accompanied initiator an active hydrogen removed position grown, in the case of polypropylene, can be expressed as follows: 在上述反应式中,(°)代表自由基,阴离子或阳离子,分别取决于GI是移开氢、一个电子、非电子或两个电子。 In the above reaction scheme, (°) on behalf of a radical, anionic or cationic, depending on whether the GI is removed hydrogen, an electronic, non-electronic or two electrons. CH2=CHx代表乙烯基单体链节,此处“x”支配着性质或所得到的各项性质。 CH2 = CHx Representative vinyl monomers mer, where "x" dominated nature or the properties of the resulting. 大多数情况下,采用单体混合物,使得以一种工艺步骤则可获得多项性能的改变。 In most cases, the use of the monomer mixture, such that in a process step of changing the number of properties is obtained. 链长可控制的这些聚合物链牢固地连接于基质上。 The chain length of polymer chains can be controlled fixedly connected to the substrate. 接枝聚合物和基质之间相连的键是共价键,因而接枝聚合物不会从基质上滤去。 Key is connected between the graft polymer and the matrix is a covalent bond, and therefore the graft polymer do not leach from the substrate. 实质上,化学接枝即是在基质主链上生长聚合物链。 In essence, the chemical grafting that is grown on the substrate polymer chain backbone. 接枝聚合物链由乙烯基单体或含相应官能基的单体所形成,相应官能基如羟基、羧基、环氧基、酰胺基、胺基和酐等。 Graft polymer chains formed from a vinyl monomer or a monomer containing the appropriate functional groups, appropriate functional groups such as hydroxyl, carboxyl, epoxy, amide, amine and anhydride.

B.施用于耐纶、聚丙烯或聚酯基质牙刷的化学接枝对于耐纶、聚丙烯或聚酯为基质的牙刷鬃毛,其化学接枝是通过用接枝引发剂将-CONH-基(耐纶)、 B. Chemical grafting is applied to nylon, polypropylene or polyester matrix for nylon toothbrush, polypropylene or polyester matrix toothbrush bristles, which is chemically grafted initiator by grafting the group -CONH- (nylon), 中的氢原子夺去,形成自由基,然后与一种单体或预聚物溶液相反应而开始接技聚合反应。 Hydrogen atom killed, formation of free radicals, and then with one monomer or prepolymer solution phase reaction start graft polymerization. 单体或预聚物化学连接到牙刷基质上的反应步骤认为是按如下顺序: Monomer or prepolymer toothbrush substrate chemically linked to the reaction step considered in the following order: 步骤(1)-(4)所示的接枝聚合反应可通过自由基结合而终止,如下述反应: Step (1) - (4) shown in the graft polymerization reaction can be terminated by a radical combination, such as the following reaction: 上述反应在有过氧化物存在下发生并同时再生接枝引发剂生成如反应步骤(4)中所示的自由基。 The above reaction occurs in the presence of peroxidase and reproduced at the same grafting initiator was generated as reaction step (4) shown in the radical. (6)过氧化物反应式(1)说明在例举的基质(SH)上提供了自由基位置,由于接枝引发剂的还原和基质的氧化作用使基质转变成带自由基。 (6) a peroxide reaction formula (1) described in the exemplified substrate (SH) is provided on the radical position, the grafting initiator and a reducing agent oxidation matrix of the matrix band into free radicals. 反应式(2)说明例举的单体接枝到活化的基质(S°)自由基位置上,使基质上形成接枝聚合物自由基。 Reaction formula (2) described exemplified grafting of monomers onto activated stromal (S °) radical position, the matrix is formed on the graft polymer radical. 随后为反应步骤(3)所示的增长反应,反应式(4)说明薄荷醇自由基的形成(例如从一种薄荷化合物)。 Followed by reaction step (3) increase the reaction represented by the reaction formula (4) described the formation of menthol radicals (e.g., from a mint compound). 反应式(5)说明通过薄荷醇自由基与在反应式(3)所形成的活化的基质聚合物结合的链终止反应,其结果是单体或预聚物化学连接到牙刷鬃毛的表面。 Reaction formula (5) described the reaction was terminated by menthol activated radical with the matrix polymer in the reaction formula (3) to form a joint chain, the result is a monomer or prepolymer chemically attached to the surface of the toothbrush bristles. 反应式(6)说明通过在单体溶液中过氧化物存在下接枝引发剂的再生反应。 Reaction formula (6) described by a peroxide in the presence of the monomer solution regeneration reaction grafting initiator.

薄荷香味牙膏的制备方法本发明是指向制备一种聚合的牙膏组合物,其可化学接枝于牙刷的鬃毛上,而形成对鬃毛的长期牢固的粘附。 Preparation mint flavor toothpaste of the present invention is directed to prepare a polymerizable dentifrice composition, which can be chemically grafted onto the toothbrush bristles, the bristles are formed of long-term firm adhesion. 如前所述,化学接枝包括使用单体/预聚物,催化剂,接枝引发剂以及组合物中的其它赋形剂。 As described above, including the use of chemical grafting monomers / prepolymers, catalyst, graft initiator and the composition of other excipients.

单体和预聚物为乙烯基单体和丙烯酸类和乙烯基预聚物,它们通过自由基反应体系化学地键合于鬃毛上。 Monomers and vinyl monomers and prepolymers to acrylic and vinyl prepolymers, which by radical chemically bonded to the reaction system in the bristles. 最好,单体和预聚物是含有一个或多个羟基和羧基的丙烯酸类单体。 Preferably, the monomer and the prepolymer containing one or more hydroxyl and carboxyl groups of the acrylic monomer. 这类的一些单体和预聚物有聚乙烯醇、丙烯酸、聚丙烯酸、甲基丙烯酸、丙烯酸乙酯、甲基丙烯酸乙酯、甲基丙烯酸异丁酯和丙烯酸甲酯。 Some such monomers and prepolymers include polyvinyl alcohol, acrylic acid, polyacrylic acid, methacrylic acid, ethyl acrylate, ethyl methacrylate, isobutyl methacrylate and methyl acrylate. 也可用二种或多种单体的混合物。 May also be a mixture of two or more monomers. 优选的单体是聚乙烯醇、丙烯酸和聚丙烯酸。 Preferred monomers are polyvinyl alcohol, acrylic acid and polyacrylic acid.

按实例所示的顺序或任何其它常见顺序称取各组份而制备牙膏。 Examples of the order as shown or any other common sequence Weigh the components prepared toothpaste.

为让所要求的单体/预聚物接枝到鬃毛上,优选用亚铁离子作接枝引发剂,但也可使用如Ag+离子或在口腔中应用安全的其它金属离子。 To make the desired monomer / prepolymer grafted onto the bristles, is preferably used as the ferrous ion graft initiator, but may also be used, such as Ag + ion or application security in the oral cavity of other metal ions.

在制备中存在少量过氧化物(最好为过氧化氢)催化剂,帮助接枝引发剂体系的再生,从而为进一步的链接枝聚合反应提供自由基。 The presence of a small amount of peroxide (preferably hydrogen peroxide) catalyst, graft initiator regenerant help system, thereby providing for further linking radical graft polymerization reaction in the preparation.

反应物用量并非是本发明的关键问题,从经济观点考虑,为完成前面所述的反应,在体系中采用小量的单体/预聚物、接枝引发剂和催化剂。 The amount of reactants is not critical problem underlying the present invention, from an economic viewpoint, for the completion of the previous reaction, using a small amount of monomer / prepolymer in the system, grafting initiator and catalyst. 所采用的单体和预聚物用量通常约为组合物重量的0.0001%到2%范围,而优选的用量范围约为0.0001%到0.2%重量。 The amount of monomers and prepolymers employed is usually about 0.0001% to about 2% by weight of the composition, and preferably in an amount ranging from about 0.0001% to about 0.2% by weight. 接枝引发剂用量约为0.00001%到0.01%重量范围,优选的用量范围为0.00001%到0.001%重量。 Graft initiator amount from 0.00001% to about 0.01% by weight, preferably in an amount in the range of from 0.00001% to 0.001% by weight. 所采用的过氧化物催化剂用量通常约为0.001%到1%重量范围,优选的约为0.001%到0.5%重量范围。 The amount of peroxide catalyst employed is generally from about 0.001% to about 1% by weight, preferably from about 0.001% to about 0.5% by weight.

用作香料的合适材料是那些让使用者感觉浓厚并令人感兴趣同时也允许保留令人满意产物外观的香料。 Suitable materials for use as spices are those allowing users to feel strong and interesting at the same time also allowed to keep a satisfactory product appearance spices. 香料可以是天然的或合成的起源物。 Perfumes may be natural or synthetic origin thereof. 这些香料包括薄荷、留兰香、冬青油、肉桂等;果实香料如樱桃、草莓、白柠檬等,用于牙膏中优选的香料是薄荷和留兰香。 These flavors include peppermint, spearmint, wintergreen oil, cinnamon, etc; fruit flavors such as cherry, strawberry, lime, etc., used in toothpaste is preferred spice spearmint and peppermint.

在本发明中使用的辅助赋形物的实例包括填料、表面活性剂、缓冲剂和颜料。 Examples of the present invention in an auxiliary excipients thereof include fillers, surfactants, buffering agents and pigments.

本发明所述的牙膏配方有多个优点,第一排除了对复杂而昂贵的一次性使用产品的需求。 Toothpaste formulations according to the present invention has several advantages, first eliminates the need for complex and expensive single-use products. 第二排除了在旅行时需要包装牙刷和牙膏管的麻烦。 The second excludes travel toothbrush and toothpaste packaging needed trouble. 第三当这种牙膏施于鬃毛时形成牢固的键合确定了其长期具有新鲜感和香味。 The third form a strong bond when applied to bristle when this toothpaste together to determine its long-term with a freshness and flavor.

在本发明的优选实施例中,将牙刷的鬃毛在含单体、预聚物、接枝引发剂离子、过氧化物离子和组合物其它赋形剂的一种牙膏中浸一浸,然后在室温下干燥约30-40分钟,从而牙膏中单体/预聚物的羟基和羧基聚合形成一种对牙刷鬃毛的强烈附着力。 In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the toothbrush bristles containing monomer, a prepolymer, a graft initiator ion dentifrice agent, peroxide ions, and the composition of other excipients immersed a dip, then dried for about 30-40 minutes at room temperature, whereby the toothpaste monomer / prepolymer hydroxyl and carboxyl groups are polymerized to form a strong adhesion to the toothbrush bristles.

在这种牙膏以单层涂于鬃毛上时,其牙膏配方基本包括单体/预聚物、催化剂、接枝引发剂、颜料、香料和其它辅助赋形剂。 When toothpaste is applied to the bristles on a single layer, its basic toothpaste formulations include monomers / prepolymers, catalyst, graft initiator, pigments, perfumes, and other auxiliary excipients. 将碳酸钙、碳酸氢钠、十二烷基硫酸钠、三聚磷酸钾和氟化钠等每种填料所要求的量共同加入一容器中并混合成为一种均匀的混合物。 The amount of calcium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium lauryl sulfate, potassium tripolyphosphate, and sodium fluoride, etc. required for each joint filler is added and mixed in a container become a uniform mixture. 同样将所要求重量的单体/预聚物、接枝引发剂和颜料加入一容器中混合并在搅拌下混合成均匀的溶液,然后在连续搅拌下将上述填料混合物以较小递增量加到均匀的溶液中,再加入聚丙烯酸,随后加薄荷香料化合物,再将上述物料调合成为一种匀称的膏状体。 Similarly to the required weight of the monomer / prepolymer, a graft initiator, and a pigment added to a mixing vessel and mixed with stirring to form a homogeneous solution, followed by continuous stirring the filler was added to the mixture in small increments homogeneous solution was added polyacrylic acid, followed by addition of mint flavor compound, and then mixing together the above-mentioned material paste as a symmetrical body. 最后加过氧化氢并将膏体混合均匀。 Finally add hydrogen peroxide and cream and mix well. 制成的膏体可通过牙刷在其中浸渍而涂敷于牙刷上。 Paste can be made by dipping a toothbrush in which the coating on the toothbrush. 如需要,浸后置于室内干燥30-40分钟以完成接枝键合过程。 If necessary, after dipping into indoor dry for 30-40 minutes to complete graft bonding process. 若有要求,浸后也可用在约212°F到300°F下加热1-2分钟来加快干燥过程。 If so desired, the heating can also be used after dipping at about 212 ° F to 300 ° F 1-2 minutes to accelerate the drying process.

下面实例说明在本发明中可使用的配方:实例1组成 重量份数1.碳酸钙 500.002.碳酸氢钠 20.003.十二烷基硫酸钠 15.004.三聚磷酸钾 2.505.氟化钠 1.006.甘油(溶剂) 250.007.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.10(单体)8.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5884-2(颜料) 0.109.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.01 The following examples illustrate the present invention in the formulations may be used: Example 1 Composition Parts by weight 1. Calcium carbonate sodium bicarbonate 20.003 500.002 15.004 sodium lauryl sulfate, potassium tripolyphosphate, sodium fluoride 1.006 2.505 glycerol (..... ferrous ammonium sulfate, 0.1% solution of solvent) 250.007. acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution 0.10 (monomer) 8.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5884-2 (pigment) 0.109 0.01

(6、7、8和9项组份掺混一起成预混物)。 (6,7,8 and 9 ingredients blended together into a premix). 10.聚丙烯酸,1%溶液 0.10(预聚物)11.薄荷油 20.0012.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.01将组份1-5(全为固体)掺混于一起直至混成为一种均匀的混合物,然后在连续搅拌下将混合物倾倒入由组份6-9混成的甘油预混物中并将所得掺混物再混合成为一种均匀膏状体,再加入聚丙烯酸,随后加薄荷油并将膏体调合直至匀称为止。 10. polyacrylic acid, 1% solution 0.10 (prepolymer) 11. Peppermint 20.0012 peroxide, 0.1% solution 0.01 The components 1-5 (all solid) blended together until the mixture became in a uniform The mixture was then under continuous stirring the mixture was poured into the blended ingredients 6-9 premix of glycerol and the resulting blend was mixed into a uniform paste body, polyacrylic acid was added, followed by addition of peppermint oil and blending until the paste until well proportioned. 加入过氧化氢并再将膏体混合,所得膏体供备用。 Adding hydrogen peroxide and then paste mixing, the resulting paste for backup.

将牙刷的鬃毛部分直接浸入牙膏体中并提起,膏体在牙刷上的量通过鬃毛浸入膏体中的深度控制进行调节,然后在空气中将膏体干燥。 The part of the toothbrush bristles toothpaste directly immersed body and lift, the amount of paste on the brush bristles by immersing paste depth control to adjust, and then paste in air dry. 实例2组成 重量份数1.碳酸钙 500.002.碳酸氢钠 20.003.十二烷基硫酸钠 15.004.三聚磷酸钾 2.505.氟化钠 1.006.甘油 250.007.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 585H-2 0.109.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.01(6、7、8和9项组份掺混一起成一种预混物)10.聚丙烯酸,1%溶液 0.1011.留兰香油 20.0012.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.01实例2中的配方与实例1完全一样调配,仅用留兰香油取代实例1中的薄荷油。 Example 2 Composition Parts by weight 1. Calcium Carbonate 500.002. Sodium bicarbonate 20.003. Sodium lauryl sulfate 15.004. Potassium tripolyphosphate 2.505 Fluoride 1.006 Glycerin 250.007. Acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 585H -2 0.109. ferrous ammonium sulfate, 0.1% solution of 0.01 (6,7,8 and 9 ingredients blended together into a premix) 10. polyacrylic acid, 1% solution of 0.1011. spearmint 20.0012. peroxidation hydrogen, 0.1% solution of 0.01 Example 2 Example 1 recipe exactly the same deployment, spearmint replace only one instance of peppermint oil. 也用相同方法将膏体涂于牙刷上。 Also used the same method to the paste applied to the toothbrush. 实例3组成 重量份数1.碳酸钙 500.002.碳酸氢钠 20.003.十二烷基硫酸钠 15.004.三聚磷酸钾 2.505.氟化钠 1.006.甘油 250.007.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5884-2 0.109.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.01(6、7、8和9项组份掺混一起成一种预混物)。 Example 3 Composition Parts by weight 1. Calcium Carbonate 500.002. Sodium bicarbonate 20.003. Sodium lauryl sulfate 15.004. Potassium tripolyphosphate 2.505 Fluoride 1.006 Glycerin 250.007. Acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5884 -2 0.109. ferrous ammonium sulfate, 0.1% solution of 0.01 (6,7,8 and 9 ingredients blended together into a premix). 10.聚丙烯酸,1%溶液 0.1011.薄荷油 20.0012.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.0113.去离子水 80.90实例3的调配完全与实例1相同,但首先将前12个组份进行掺混,然后在搅拌下缓慢加入水,所得的混合物再调合成为匀称的稠度。 10. polyacrylic acid, a 1% solution of 0.1011. Peppermint 20.0012 peroxide, 0.1% solution of 0.0113. Deionized water 80.90 Example 3 formulation exactly the same as in Example 1, but before the first 12 components were blended, then Water was added slowly under stirring, the resulting mixture was then transferred to the synthesis of symmetrical consistency. 将鬃毛浸入膏体中,取出后让其干燥。 The bristles are immersed in the paste, removed after allowed to dry. 实例4组成 重量份数1.碳酸钙 500.002.碳酸氢钠 20.003.十二烷基硫酸钠 15.004.三聚磷酸钾 2.505.氟化钠 1.006.甘油 250.007.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5854-2 0.109.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.01(6、7、8和9项组份掺混一起成为一种预混物)。 Example 4 Composition Parts by weight 1. Calcium Carbonate 500.002. Sodium bicarbonate 20.003. Sodium lauryl sulfate 15.004. Potassium tripolyphosphate 2.505 Fluoride 1.006 Glycerin 250.007. Acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5854 -2 0.109. ferrous ammonium sulfate, 0.1% solution of 0.01 (6,7,8 and 9 ingredients blended together into a premix). 10.聚丙烯酸,1%溶液 0.1011.留兰香油 20.0012.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.0113.去离子水 80.90实例4的调配与实例3用相同方法,只是用留兰香油取代了实例3中的薄荷油。 10. polyacrylic acid, a 1% solution of 0.1011. Spearmint 20.0012 peroxide, 0.1% solution of 0.0113. Deionized water 80.90 The formulation of Example 4 by the same method as in Example 3, except replacing the spearmint oil of Example 3 peppermint. 将鬃毛浸入膏体中,干燥后准备好包装。 The mane immersed paste, dried and ready for packaging.

这种牙膏以双层涂于鬃毛上时,底层主要由香料和预聚物组成,而顶层由单体、催化剂、接枝引发剂、颜料和其它辅助的赋形剂组成。 When applied to the bilayer toothpaste to the bristles, the bottom mainly by the perfume and the prepolymer composition, and the top layer of monomers, catalyst, graft initiator, pigments and other auxiliary excipients. 将所要求的香料量与预聚物进行混合并经浸渍涂于鬃毛上,然后在200°F下固化4-5分钟。 The desired amount of perfume with the prepolymer were mixed and coated on the impregnated bristles, then cured at 200 ° F 4-5 minutes. 将所要求的碳酸钙、碳酸氢钠、十二烷基硫酸钠和三聚磷酸钾等每种填料量置于一容器内混合成为均匀的混合物,再将制备的颜料溶液加到该均匀的混合物中并混合直至得到一种均匀的调合物,然后将所要求量的单体、接枝引发剂和催化剂加到调和物中后再好好混合。 Each required quantity of filler calcium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium lauryl sulfate and potassium phosphate trimer placed in a mixing vessel into a homogeneous mixture, then the prepared pigment solution is added to the homogeneous mixture and mixed until a homogeneous blend, and then the desired amount of monomer, grafting initiator and catalyst are then added to the blend from the mixing well. 制成的膏体可作底层上的顶层膏使用,它通过将经香料处理的牙刷浸到顶层膏体中并经300°F下固化2分钟而成。 Paste obtained can be used as a top layer paste on the bottom, through the toothbrush perfume treated by immersing the top paste and cured at 300 ° F 2 by 分钟 made.

下述实施例说明在本发明中可使用的一个配方。 The following examples illustrate the present invention in a formulation can be used. 实施例5组成 重量份数底层使用1.聚乙烯醇523 8%水溶液 200.002.薄荷油(polarome) 30.00顶层使用3.碳酸钙 1000.004.碳酸氢钠 50.005.十二烷基硫酸钠 34.006.三聚磷酸钾 5.007.去离子水 162.008.MX439 PYLA-Cert Green 0.209.甘油 500.0010.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.2011.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.0212.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.02通过在连续搅拌下将聚乙烯醇逐渐加到去离子水中直到使全部颗粒润湿而制取组份1。 Example 5 parts by weight of the composition of the underlying use 1% aqueous solution of polyvinyl 5238 200.002. Peppermint (polarome) 30.00 3. Use of calcium carbonate 1000.004 top floor. Bicarbonate 50.005. Dodecyl sulfate 34.006. Tripolyphosphate Potassium 5.007. Deionized water 162.008.MX439 PYLA-Cert Green 0.209. glycerol 500.0010. acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution was 0.2011. ferrous ammonium sulfate, 0.1% solution of 0.0212. hydrogen peroxide, 0.1% solution 0.02 by continuous stirring Polyvinyl alcohol is gradually added to the deionized water so that all the particles until wetted Preparation component 1. 将该溶液加热到185°F-205°F(85℃-96℃)维持30分钟,然后让其冷却到室温,再将薄荷油加入并混合,所得溶液通过浸渍用作鬃毛的底涂层,然后在200°F下固化4-5分钟。 The solution was heated to 185 ° F-205 ° F (85 ℃ -96 ℃) for 30 minutes, then allowed to cool to room temperature, then the peppermint oil was added and mixed, and the resultant solution was used as the bristles by immersing the undercoat , then cured at 200 ° F 4-5 minutes. 其次,将组份3、4、5和6掺混在一起直到混成为一种均匀的混合物(A组分),将组分7和8混好后,加入组份9然后再混合均匀(B组分)。 Next, the components 4, 5 and 6 become blended together until a uniform mixture blended (A component), the components 7 and 8 After mixing, the component 9 was added then mixed (group B points). 再将组份B混入组份A直至混成为一种均匀的调合物(组份C),然后组份10、11和12加到组份C中并充分混合1-2分钟。 Then mixing component B Component A until mixed into a homogeneous blend (component C), components 10, 11 and 12 and then component C was added and thoroughly mixed for 1-2 minutes. 所制成的膏体作为含香味底涂层上的顶涂层使用。 Paste made of aroma-containing topcoat on the undercoat layer use. 该顶涂层通过浸渍涂于已经处理过的鬃毛上,然后在300°F下固化2分钟。 The topcoat was applied by impregnation on the already processed bristles, then cured at 300 ° F 2 min.

显然,此处所述的优选实施方案和实例仅为说明问题,并不构成对本发明范围的限定。 Obviously, the preferred embodiments and examples described herein are illustrative only, not intended to limit the scope of the invention. 本发明范围的真正描述仅在所附的权利要求书中。 The true scope of the present invention is described only in the appended claims.

Referenziert von
Zitiert von PatentEingetragen Veröffentlichungsdatum Antragsteller Titel
CN102551897A *27. Dez. 201011. Juli 2012吴铭远Disposal handheld dental device
Klassifizierungen
Internationale KlassifikationA61K8/00, A46D1/00, A61K8/97, A61K8/02, C08L51/00, C08F291/00, A61K8/91, A46B15/00, C08L67/00, C11B9/00, A46D1/04, C08L77/00, A46B11/00, A61Q11/00
UnternehmensklassifikationA61K8/02, A61K2800/57, A46D1/00, A46B2200/1066, A46B11/0003, A61Q11/00
Europäische KlassifikationA46B11/00A, A61K8/02, A61Q11/00, A46D1/00
Juristische Ereignisse
DatumCodeEreignisBeschreibung
8. Jan. 1997C06Publication
19. Febr. 1997C10Request of examination as to substance
23. Jan. 2002C02Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)