|Veröffentlichungsdatum||1. Apr. 1947|
|Eingetragen||12. Jan. 1945|
|Prioritätsdatum||12. Jan. 1945|
|Veröffentlichungsnummer||US 2418344 A, US 2418344A, US-A-2418344, US2418344 A, US2418344A|
|Erfinder||Goldberg Abraham A|
|Ursprünglich Bevollmächtigter||Goldberg Abraham A|
|Zitat exportieren||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patentzitate (6), Referenziert von (9), Klassifizierungen (8)|
|Externe Links: USPTO, USPTO-Zuordnung, Espacenet|
I April 3947- A. GQLDBERG 2,418,344
' TodTH BRUSH Filed Jan. 12, 1945 3mm (46727776771 05 Goldberg Patented Apr. 1, 1947 TOOTHBRUSH Abraham A. Goldberg, Norfolk, Va.
Application January 12, 1945, Serial No. 572,469
The present invention relates to new and useful improvements in tooth brushes and has for its primary object to provide a brush head formed of removable and replaceable plastic teeth arranged to form bristles whereby the brush-head may be replaced, when desired, or in which the segments forming the brush head may be removed for cleaning the same.
A further object of the invention is to provide a flexible mounting for the brush head adapted to respond to the forces exerted thereon during the brushing action to curve the brush head convexly or concavedly to properly conform to the curvature of the inner or outer surfaces of the teeth and thus to more efiectively clean the same.
A still further object of the invention is to provide means for attaching the brush head to a handle whereby the several parts may be detached and replaced when desired.
A still further object is to provide a device of this character of simple and practical construction, efiicient and reliable in use, strong and durable, relatively inexpensive to manufacture and otherwise well adapted for the purposes for which the same is intended.
Other objects and advantages reside in the details of construction as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming part hereof,
wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which- Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional View.
Figure 2 is a top plan view.
Figure '3 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially on a line 33 of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a modified handle construction and with parts broken away and shown in section.
Figure 5 is a similar view of another side of the handle.
Figure 6 is a view inelevation of one of the bristle segments.
Figure '7 is a vertical edge elevational view thereof, and
Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional view of a modified construction for assembling the bristles.
Referring now to the drawings in detail and first with respect to the form of the invention illustrated in Figures 1 to 3, inclusvie, the numeral 5 designates an elongated transversely rounded handle having a recess 6 formed at one end and closed by a plug 1 threaded in the end of the handle.
The outer end of the plug is likewise formed with a recess 8 adapted for snugly receiving one end of a flattened rigid tube 9, preferably of stainless steel or other suitable material andyhav- 7 ing a leaf spring l0 extending therethrough;
The inner end of the spring [0 extends through the plu 1 into the chamber 6 of the handle and is retained therein by means of a locking pin ll inserted transversely through an opening in the p A coil spring 12 positioned in the recess 8 of the plug and surrounding the spring l0 engages the inner end of the tube 9 to exertan. outward force behind the tube. The outer end of the spring l0 projectsoutwardly beyond the tube 9 and mounted onthe outer end of the-spring are a plurality of brush segments l3 constructed of suitable plastic material, each of the segments including a row of substantially closely spaced teeth [4 connected at one end by a solid head l5 having an elongated horizontally extending opening l6 therein for receiving the outer end portion of the spring. 10 whereby to mount the teeth l4 of the segments I3 in substantially close spaced relation on the outer 'end of the spring substantially in the form of bristlesofabrush. V
A metal cap I! is welded or otherwise fixedly secured on the outer end of the spring Ill to retain the bristle segments l3 on the spring l0, while'the coil spring l2 force the tube 9 outwardly against the inner end of the bristles to compress the bristles between the cap I! an the tube.
The back of the brush formed by the bristle segments I3 may be provided with a rubber or other flexible cover l8. i
The tube 9 is preferably curved into a desired shape as indicated in Figure 1 of the drawings and the outer end of the tube may be flared at the inside of the curve as indicated at l9 to project' downwardly at the inner end of the brush. to increase the rigidity of the teeth or bristles there- 'of while the lower edge of the cap [-1 also extends downwardly against the front end of the teeth or bristles of the brush as shown at 20 to likewise increase the compactness in the holding together and substantial stiffness yet limited yieldability in the rigidity thereof.
The flexibility of the outer end of the spring ID on which the bristles are mounted will permit the same to flex either convexedly or concavedly as indicated by the dotted lines in Figure l of the drawings to conform to the curvature of the inner or outer surfaces of the teeth during the brushing thereof.
. ermost one of the bristle segments.
Likewise certain of the bristle segments l3 may be constructed for uni-flexibility to possess the characteristic of limiting the bending of the bristles in one direction in order to prevent crowding of the bristle ends during the flexing of the brush.
In the form of the invention illustrated in Figures 4 and 5 of the drawings, a handle 2| of tapering construction is provided having the rigid tube 22 inserted in a socket 23 in its outerend and behind which the coil sprin 24 is positioned, the flat leaf spring 25 carried by the tube pro-- jecting inwardly of the handle beyond the chamber 23 and retained in position by means of. a locking pin 26 extending transversely through an opening 21 in the handle.
In Figure 8 of the drawings I have illustrated a modified construction for mounting the bristles on the outer end of the leaf spring 28 by embedding the end of the leaf spring securely in a plastic ball 29, the ball being seated in a socket 30 formed in one side of the head .3! of the out- The oppositesurface of the head 3| is rounded bulbously fornesting in the socket 30 of an adjacent head of the segments.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that the bristle segments 13 may be removed in an inward direction from the outer end of the leaf spring for replacement or cleaning purposes by removing the plug 1 from the handleand removing thepin H from the inner end of the spring ID. The removal and replacement 'of the bristle elements in the other structural modification is accomplished similarly by detaching the handle element from the inner ends of the respective spring elements 22 and 28. 1
The coil spring l2 exerts its influence on the inner end of the tube 9 to compress the bristle segments between the outer end of the tube and the cap II. The spring element 24 is similarly eifective- I "In view. of the foregoing description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings it is believed that a clear understanding of the construction, operation and advantages :of the deyice will be apparent to those skilled in this art. Atmore detailed description thereof is accordingly deemed unnecessary.
It is to be understood, however, that even though I have herein shown and described several embodiments of my invention, that the same is susceptible of other changes fully comprehended by the spirit of the invention as herein described, and the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described the invention, what I claim is:
VI. A tooth brush comprising a flat rigid tube, a flat leaf spring slidably mounted in the tube and projecting from each end of the tube, a head on the outer end of the spring, a plurality of flat plastic segments having teeth formed at one edge and provided with an opening adjacent an op- ,4 posite edge for loosely mounting on the outer end of the spring with the segments positioned face to face with each other, a handle slidably receiving the inner end of the tube and leaf spring, a pin transversely of the inner end of the leaf spring to anchor the latter in the handle, and a coil spring on the inner end of the leaf spring and exerting its influence against the inner end of the tube to compress the segments between the head and the outer end of the tube.
2. A tooth brush including a handle section and a brush section, said brush section being formed of a group of toothed fiat plastic segments substantially in the form of combs, the segments held in assembled relation with their body base portions fitted facewise rockably against each other normally stiffiy in alignment but capable of limited flection in conformity to tooth contour in the mouth of the user, the base portions of the segments having aligned angular apertures therein through which an elongated spring element angular in cross-section is supportingly threaded, a rigid tubular handle extension through. which said elongated spring element is fitted longitudinally slidable and against the'outer end of which the spring element holds the brush section assembly, and means for cooperatively supporting the inner end portions of said tubular handle extension and said elongated spring element on the handle section proper, said means including another spring element normally urging said tubular handle extension and said elongated spring element longitudinally relative to each other so as to efiect and-control the holding of the brush section assembly against the outer end of'the tubular handle extension.
' 3. A tooth brush structure as set forth in claim 2, wherein the base portions of the respective brush section segments are such that one face of each segment is of convex form and the opposite face thereof is curvedly concave whereby the rockable contact of the one segment against the other in the assembly is such that limited rocking movement is possible between'the assembled segments but independent longitudinal movement of the one segment relative to the other and transversely of the supporting elongated spring element inone direction is prevented.
' ABRAHAM A. GOLDBERG.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Cressler et a1 Dec. 2, 1941
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|US2254365 *||6. Juni 1939||2. Sept. 1941||Griffith Edward E||Convertible toothbrush|
|US2265102 *||21. Mai 1940||2. Dez. 1941||John L Grove||Toothbrush|
|Zitiert von Patent||Eingetragen||Veröffentlichungsdatum||Antragsteller||Titel|
|US2548255 *||6. Jan. 1947||10. Apr. 1951||Edward P Cressler||Single-use toothbrush|
|US3256545 *||16. Dez. 1963||21. Juni 1966||Shaw Gilbert||Brush fibres and brush construction employing same|
|US4227276 *||7. Febr. 1979||14. Okt. 1980||Ginsburg Stephen J||Toothbrush with thermally deformable handle|
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|US5850659 *||18. Juli 1996||22. Dez. 1998||The Smart Brush Corporation||Toothbrush with bendable head|
|US5967617 *||2. März 1998||19. Okt. 1999||Zapanta; Gary||Filament tape for cleaning and dental application|
|US6230356 *||19. Juli 1999||15. Mai 2001||Park Hyo-Moon||Toothbrush|
|US7617828 *||5. Apr. 2007||17. Nov. 2009||Sinha Navin K||Toiletries travel kit|
|US-Klassifikation||15/187, 15/202, 15/167.1, 15/176.1|
|Internationale Klassifikation||A46B7/00, A46B7/06|