|Veröffentlichungsdatum||8. Juli 1952|
|Eingetragen||25. Nov. 1947|
|Prioritätsdatum||25. Nov. 1947|
|Veröffentlichungsnummer||US 2602424 A, US 2602424A, US-A-2602424, US2602424 A, US2602424A|
|Erfinder||Morgan Xenophon W|
|Ursprünglich Bevollmächtigter||Morgan Xenophon W|
|Zitat exportieren||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patentzitate (11), Referenziert von (2), Klassifizierungen (5)|
|Externe Links: USPTO, USPTO-Zuordnung, Espacenet|
X. W. MORGAN July 8, 1952 FOUNTAIN PEN Filed Nov. 25, 1947 wm Nm vm om NNY 1N VEN TOR.
M Q M w m In y n e X Patented July 8, 19522 i '-This invention relates"- 'enerallyto writing .instruments and more :particularly to fountain pens.
. 'Conventional fountain pensnow onthe marketv generally leak when they are taken to anJ appreciablefaltitude such asin an airplane. When these prior pensare not in' use, the ink the feedingl barland' the nibsof the .pen tends to: coagulate Y and` harden with .the result .that feedin'g` ther-finkto the point'of 'the pen '.isstopped'. It necessary to shake the .pen violently before theseA .prior pens will* feed. Pens .now .on .the market'v have :no means for `varying the amount of ihlcbei-ngifedto theipeni or increasing lthe'pressure/in the sackto increase .the-flow of inkthere'- toi'. C Y.
It is, accordingly, Van object ofxmy invention' to provide a fountain :penv which; is 'simple' in. construction, eiiicient. in operation, Aeconomical in cost;vl andeconomical manufacture:
L.Another obj-ectl of. my. invention-is to" provide novel filling means for a fountain' pen.
Another object of my invention is to provide means for'increasing.orA decreasing the ow of ink in a fountain pen.
Another object offm'y invention is to cover substantiellylhe alle@ Dee. Peint Q1 .Ribs 031. a fwntainpen toh prevent coagulationof ink thereon..
Anothervobjectof my invention vis to provide novel feeding means for *9j fountain' pen.y
Another object of my invention is to provide a novel fountain pen wherein'th'e' ink does'notleak therefrom.. n Other objects of my .inventionl will become-evident fromvv the following detailed description, taken'r in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which Fig.; 1 isa side elevational View of my novel fountain. pen with parts thereof'brokenaway for better illustration vthereof FigsZ is'a" fragmentary Vvertical section taken through the center line of the fountain pen shown in Fig. 1';
Figa'3'is a side elevationalview of my' novel .fountain pen;
Fig. 4 is a View taken on the line -4 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is a view taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary vertical sectional View of a modification of my fountain pen shown in Figs. 1 and 2; and
Fig. '7 is a fragmentary sectional view of another modication wherein different meansvare provided to secure the pen parts against relative longitudinal movement.
Referring now to the drawings, I show in Figs.
2. 1", 2", 3,4; and v5' a barrel -l internally' .threaded at 2 t0 'thradably' -r'lga'ge the reduced ythreaded end 3'of a cylindrical slve 4; The sleeve 4 has" an inwardly projecting portion 5 and a roughened portion 6 on fone -side thereof. VA tapered -'head 'I with a bore' vhas a reduced connecting portion 9 for insertion in andconnectiont'o the sleeve a. The' end sof the' head 1^ has-'a stop perdon mfor' engaging-'the stop 'member 5' of the sleeve l."fso thatthehea'd will niak'e less than 'one' Irev-- elution; Thhead T has an aperturelz forreceivingalpin I3" and' a sprinlgf`I"4`g the I3 rfrietionally Vengaging'the ougnened portion Softhe sleeve wnereby'thehead 1 may be rotated and frictionally held` in` any position `by the pin" I3. The pinV` I'3"h`as connected thereto aff-Inger button I5 by which'itimay bedrawnout-'ofifrictional cn-4r g'agement withthe roughened portion E ofthe sleeve` 4 vvheniit` isdesired' tortate'the head 'I a ful-l' revolution in' the' filling'Y of the`A pen. :A feeder sleevel I6 is disposed'inthe bore 8 of the head'` 1f and' has .connected thereto a' sack |'8` for holdingt-ink.' The sack' I8: is connected to the feeder sleeve: vI6 by"cenientingor a'ny other; suit'- able mean's'fat I9: A conventionallongitudinally grooved feeder bar. 20 isf disposedV on'V the endv` of the feeder sleevl'e I B and :a conventional '.pen point ZI is' disposed 'betvveenthefeeder bar 2.0i andthe inner' side of the boreiof-the head 1. Pen point 2.I' isicfv conventional type with eyev 22. anda'cljacentiy disposedtapered" nibs` 23; An' elastic' cup-shaped member 24, preferably riia'cleof a flexible" rubber, has an' aperture 25V thereininto whihextend the nibs 23 of the* peni 2l; The memberrzfli is cemented to; .thezirmerzsidey ofl the head-1 at'ZS'asjshOWnlinFig's; Al.' and'Z. y The:ppposite: endg-0f1thebarrel I has ag educed threaded portion 3U.` forreceivingv the; internally threaded portion 31 of. a".cap member 321'.. A shoulder'. 33 VisT Yformed' inl theA capVV member 32'; to engage; the outwardly flanged'end 34 ofthesack I8which"ispreferably cemented to theendof'the cessed-'portion'i of the capV 32" and ithas `an enlarged end^31 Whichiscemented'to the inner side of theisack' I8.' Thecadmember 32 hasasealing member 4i8 of' rubber' or likesuitable mate; rial which sealsgthe end of the filler member 35 when the sack IBis not being filled and the pen is in use.
In the filling of my novel fountain pen, the cap member 32 is removed from the end of the barrel I, the button I5 is moved by the finger causing the pin I3 .to move out of frictional engagement With the roughened portion 6 of the sleeve 4 and ber 39 in the cap 92.
the head 1 is rotated almost one revolution until stop portion i9 on the head 1 engages the stop member on the sleeve 4. When the head 1 turns, the sack i3 is twisted and all of the air therein isV expelled. rEhe head 1 is then rotated in a, reverse direction as far as it can be moved with reference to the stop members 5 and I9 while the filler end 35 is dipped in ink. The untwisting of the sack 19 will permit the ink to move therein andlill the sack i8. When the sack is lled, the cap member 32 is threadedly engaged to the threaded end 39 of the barrel I and the iller member 35 is sealed by the sealing memfountain pen, the head 1 is rotated slightly to increase the pressure on the ink in the sack thereby forcing it outwardly to the feedingbar 29 and the nibs 23 of the pen 2 I and through the aperture 25 in the flexible cup-shaped member 24. It has been found that with a slight twist of the head 1,.twenty sheets of paper may be written with Vmy novel fountain pen before further rotationof the head is required. The pen is always ready for use and no ink dries or coagulates and thereby stops up the end of thepen 2l. A spring clip 95 secures the portions 1 and d against relative longitudinal movement.
In Fig. 6 I show another form of my novel pen similar to the pen shown in Figs. 1 and 2 except that a ball member is provided to permit self feeding of the pen. In this construction only the ystructure of the head differs from that shown in Figs. land 2, barrel I, sleeve 2, and cap 32 being the same. In Fig. 6, head 59 has a bore 5l and a laterally extending aperture 52 in the bottom side of. the head 56. Thefeeder bar 53 has 'a tapered apertured portion 55 for receiving a ball member 56. A conventional type pen 51v and cover member 58 similar to those in Fig. 1 are disposed in the head 50. All other parts of head 59 are the same as those shown in the head 1 of Figs. 1 and 2. The general operation of my pen shown in Fig. 6 is the same as the pen shown in Figs. 1 and 2 except that the ball member 56 normally sealingly engages the laterally extending aperture 52 when the pen 51 is in a writing position and it is held downwardly. Whenit is desired to permit air to enter the feeding bar 53, the pen 2i is held upwardly and the ball member 56 will move out of sealing engagement with the laterally extending aperture 52 in the head 59 and air will enter therein. f
' Fig. 7 shows the barrel 16 .having a threaded In the operation of the 1 portion 1I for engagement with the threaded portion 12 of intermediate portion 13. Nose portion 14 is secured against relative longitudinal movement by an annular ring 15 cemented to Vprojection 16 thereof. The ring 15 engages a shoulder 11 of intermediate portion 13.
It will be evident from the foregoing description that I have provided a novel fountain pen which always keeps the pen point free of coagulated and dry ink, which is always ready for operation and use, which kpermits the ink to flow freely, and which does not permit leakage and escape of ink due to changes of'altitude or any other change of pressure or fory any other reason.
Various changes may be made in the specific embodiment of my invention without departing from the spirit thereof or from the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is 1. A fountain pen comprising a barrel, a threaded sleeve for engaging said barrel, a bored tapered rotational member engaging said sleeve and rotatable relative thereto, a feeding bar in said rotational member, a pen having tapered nibs extending outwardly from Vsaid rotational member, an elastic flexible member sealingly engaging the end of said rotational member and the nibs of said pen, the ink feeding through said nibs of said pen to the point thereof When said point of said pen is pressed upon a writing surface, a sack connected at one end with said feeding bar and rotatable with said rotational member, a filler member on the opposite end of said sack, and means for sealing said llller member.
2. A fountain pen comprising a barrel, a rotatable bored head connected to said barrel, stop means for limiting the rotation of said head relative to said barrel, a pen having tapered nibs extending outwardly from said rotatable head, exible elastic sealing means for the end of said barrel sealingly engaging a point laterally of the nibs of said pen and the end of said head, said ink flowing throughthe nibs of said pen to the point thereof past said sealing member when the point of said pen is pressed against a writing surface, a sack rotatable with said rotatable member and secured at one end to the opposite end Yof said barrel, a llling member secured to the other end of said sack, a cap for the end of said barrel, and a sealing member in said cap for sealing the end of said filling member.
3. A fountain penV as set forth in claim 2 wherein engageable frictional members are disposed on said barrel and said rotatable member to frictionally secure said rotatable memberY at any predetermined rotational position.
XENOPHON w. MORGAN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the ille of this patent:
France Julyv 29, 1914
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|FR472194A *||Titel nicht verfügbar|
|Zitiert von Patent||Eingetragen||Veröffentlichungsdatum||Antragsteller||Titel|
|US2771059 *||6. Apr. 1954||20. Nov. 1956||Miessner Benjamin F||Non-flooding fountain pen|
|US4332497 *||22. Febr. 1980||1. Juni 1982||Rodriguez Gonzalo C||Combination toothbrush and toothpaste dispenser|
|Internationale Klassifikation||B43K5/00, B43K5/04|